NHRC is an independent commission set up by the law in 1993.
(ii) Like the Judiciary, the commission is independent of the government.
(iii) The commission is appointed by the President and
includes retired judges, officers and eminent citizens.
(iv) It does not bear the burden of deciding cases. So it
can focus on helping the victims secure their human rights.
(v) These include all the rights granted to the citizens
by the constitution.
(vi) The NHRC cannot punish the guilty. That is the
responsibility of the courts.
(vii) Like any court, it can summon witnesses, question
any government official, demand any official paper, visit any prison for
inspection or send its own team for on-the-spot inquiry.
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