Political Executive: One that is elected by the people for a specific period
is called the 'political executive'. Political leaders who take big decisions
fall in this category.
(ii) Permanent Executive: In this category, people are appointed
on a long-term basis. This is called the permanent executive or civil services.
They are the civil servants. They remain in office even when the ruling party changes.
These officers work under ministers and assist them in carrying out the
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