i. This act came out in 1767. ii. It placed taxes on lead, paints, glass, paper and tea. iii. According to this law all publications should have stamps
List I List II i. Boston Massacre A. 3rd Sep, 1783 ii. Battle of Bunker Hill B. 26th Dec, 1776 iii. Battle of Trenton and Princeton C. 17th June, 1775 iv. Treaty of Paris D. 5th March 1770
i. It helped establish the American financial system and bankrupted France. ii. A small band of revolutionaries defeated the British Empire and ushered in the modern era as democracies began to spread around the world following the Peace of Paris.
i. It consist of Nobles about 2% of population ii. It consists of wealthy merchants. iii. It consists of Roman Catholic Clergy.
i. Abolishment of guilds and labor unions ii. Reforms in local, government iii. Right to a fair trial iv. Right of the people to create laws
i. In 1804. Napoleon Bonaparte became emperor of France. ii. He was defeated at Waterloo in 1815. iii. Many of his measures that carried the revolutionary ideas of liberty and modern laws of oilier parts of Europe had an impact on people long after Napoleonic had left.
i. Germans attacked Allies in the Ardennes, Belgium. ii. German won the war. iii. It was last major German attack in the war.
i. The Cold War was a sustained state of political and military tension between powers in the Western Bloc. ii. The Cold War split the temporary wartime alliance against Nazi Germany, leaving the USSR and the US as two superpowers with profound economic and political differences over capitalism and democracy.
i. They aimed to make plans for reconstruction of Europe after the defeat of Germany. ii. It was the high point of Allied Unity iii. The leaders wanted to sort out a number of political problems which would arise after Germany's defeat.
i. USSR to help USA defeat Japan after Hitler was defeated. ii. USA and UK agreed to allow a communist government in Poland. iii. They all agreed they would work for democracy in Europe after the wear had ended. iv. Agreed to setting up the United Nations this was to help keep peace in the future.
i. It was a military alliance between the Communist countries in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. ii. It members were made up of the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland and Romania. iii. All the members of the Warsaw Pact, agreed to help each other if any of them was attacked by the West.
i. The demands put forward by First Duma were too radical for Czar and he dispersed it within 10 weeks. ii. The First Duma (1906) was not democratically elected; landowners and middle classes were in majority. iii. Demands such as: Confiscation of large estates, democratic electoral system, and right of the Duma to approve czar's ministers, right to strike and abolition of death penalty were put forward.
i. According to tills Treaty China accepted supremacy of Japan on Korea. ii. Tills treaty leads to British Japan alliance in 1902. iii. According to this Treaty Japan accepted supremacy of China on Korea.
i. The invasion of Poland marked the beginning of the Second World War. ii. It was stated in America iii. It was the war between the fascist countries and major West European Powers - Britain and France
i. It was formed for defense against the Soviet Union ii. It was setup with the United States. Britain, Fraud Australia, New Zealand, Thailand, the Philippines and Pakistan as members. iii. A NATO army was created to establish its bases many countries of Europe.
List I List II i. Sukarno A. Yugoslavia ii. Nasser B. Egypt iii. Tito C. India iv. J. L. Nehru D. Indonesia
i. Maximilian Robespierre was the leader of the Jacobins. ii. They imposed a maximum ceiling on wages and prices. iii. Peasants were forced to sell their grain at the prices fixed by the government. iv. Churches were shut down and their building converted into barracks or offices.
List I List II i. Great Britain A. 1825 ii. United States B. 1890 iii. France C. 1800 iv. Japan D. 1812
i. Economic and political control over weaker nations. ii. A devotion to the interest and culture of one's nation iii. Economic development of a nation.
List I List II i. American civil war A. 1989 ii. First World War B. 1939 - 1945 iii. Second World War C. 1914 - 1918 iv. Fall of Berlin Wall D. 1861 - 1865
i. This battle was fought between the German Luftwaffe and the Royal Air force of Britain. ii. Britain lost this battle to Germany.
i. Germany invaded Russia breaking the Non-Aggression Pact (1939) ii, Germany attacked from the north, south and centre, and marched towards Leningrad, Ukraine and Moscow respectively using Blitzkrieg tactics iii. Germany was successful in its mission
i. Japan attacked Pearl Harbour. ii. After the attack on Pearl Harbour made Hitler declare war on USA. iii. In return US attacked Japan with the nuclear bombs.
i. He founded the doctrine of Marxism in the Communist Manifesto (1848). ii. His work is more relevant to an industrialized society. iii. His important works include the Communist manifesto (1S48) and the Das Kapital (1867).
i. It symbolized non-interaction between Eastern and Western Europe in all domains viz economic and trade tics, political relationship and people to people contact. ii. Iron Curtain speech was given by Churchill. iii. West Berlin Blockade (1948-9) and Berlin Wall (1961-89) were validation of existence of an Iron Curtain in Europe.
i. This was also called the European Recovery Programme. ii. It helped Europe economically to increase its prosperity, increase US influence in Europe and thus to contain communism. iii. Tills plan failed terribly.
i. The relationship between US and USSR became better. ii. US, Britain and France united their zones into German Federal Republic iii. US formed NATO (1949) after the West Berlin Blockade because the capitalist bloc found itself unprepared for a military conflict.
i. New chemical manufacturing and iron production processes were started ii. Machines were used rather than hand production methods iii. Industrial revolution started in USSR.
List I List II i. Atomic Bomb A. 1974 ii. Hydrogen Bomb B. 1957 iii. ICBM C. 1949 iv. Nuclear Supplier Group D. 1952-3
i. It was 1st developed by US. ii. These vehicles carried multiple missiles which could be independently launched when in flight towards multiple targets located in different directions.
i. It was signed by Brezhnev from USSR and Gerald Ford from US. ii. Russia promised to respect Human Rights, Right to Speech and Right to Leave the country in the communist states. iii. Division of Germany was accepted.
i. It was established in 1996 and it bans all nuclear explosions in all environments, for military or civilian purposes. ii. CTBT requires ratification by 44 nations before it can come to force, iii. India has not signed it yet.
List I List II i. Benelux Customs Union A. 1967 ii. Treaty of Brussels B. 1979 iii. European Community C. 1947 iv. Exchange Rate Mechanism D. 1948
i. It comprises of 17 nations. ii. Britain and Denmark have voluntarily kept out of it iii. After joining Eurozone the control of Monetary policy passes on to ECB.
i. It is a the group of 26 European countries ii. This group was set up to abolish passport and immigration controls at their common borders. iii. It functions as a single country for international travel purposes, with a common visa policy.
List I List II i. Gold Coast A. 1963 ii. Nigeria B. 1962 iii. Uganda C. 1960 iv. Kenya D. 1957
List I List II i. Zimbabwe A. Portuguese ii. Tunisia B. British iii. Congo C. French iv Angola D. Belgium
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