(i) Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha elections are held regularly, after every five years. (ii) After five years, the term of all the elected representatives comes to an end. (iii) The Lok Sabha or Vidhan Sabha stands dissolved. (iv) Elections are held in all constituencies at the same time either on the same day or within a few days. This is called a 'general election'. (v) Sometimes, elections are held only for one constituency to fill the vacancy caused by the death or resignation of a member. This is called a 'by-election'.
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