10th Class Social Science Resources and Development Question Bank Long Answer Type - Resources and Development

  • question_answer Explain land use pattern in India and why has the land under forest not increased much since 1960-61?

    Answer:

    The present land use pattern in India for the year 2000-03 is as follows:
    Land use categories 2000-03.
     
    (i)  Forests 22.5%
    (ii) Area under non agricultural use 7.92%
    (iii) Barren and wasteland 6.29%
    (iv) Permanent pastures and grazing lands 3.45%
    (v) Area under miscellaneous tree crops 1.1%
    (vi) Cultural waste 4.4%
    (vii) Fallow other than current fallow 3.82%
    (viii) Current fallow 7.03%
    (ix)  Net sown Area 43.4%.
    Forest area has increased marginally from 18% in 1960-61 to 22% in 2000-03. This is mainly due to increasing pressure of population on land. Land is a fixed asset. The ever increasing population has resulted in increased demand for land for various purposes like agriculture and other non agricultural purposes. Hence it has increased marginally by 4% only.


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