|(i) The government of India had appointed the Second Backward Classes Commission in 1979. It was headed by B.P. Mandal.|
|(ii) Hence, it was popularly called the Mandal Commission.|
|(iii) It was asked to determine the criteria to identify the socially and educationally backward classes in India and recommend steps to be taken for their advancement.|
|(iv) The Commission gave a report in 1980 and made many recommendations. One of these was that 27 per cent of the government jobs to be reserved for the socially and economically backward classes.|
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