# UPSC Geography Atmosphere Question Bank

### done Atmosphere

• A) Oxidation

B) Hydrolysis

C) Freezing

D) Carbonization

• A) Low average temperature

B) Normal lapse of temperature

C) Inversion of temperature

D) High average temperature

• A) Khamsin

B) Foehn

C) Sirocco

D) Mistral

• A) Cumulus clouds

B) Cumulonimbus clouds

C) Cirrus clouds

D) Stratus clouds

• A) Haboob

B) Karaburan

C) Jooran

D) Harmattan

• A) Exosphere

B) Ionosphere

C) Stratosphere

D) Troposphere

• A) Stratosphere

B) Troposphere

C) Ionosphere

D) Mesosphere

• A) Altitude

B) Angle of sun's rays

C) Length of the day

D) Ocean currents

• A) Troposphere and ozonosphere

B) Stratosphere and Troposphere

C) Stratosphere and Ionosphere

D) Troposphere and Ionosphere

• A) Absolute humidity

B) Specific humidity

C) Relative humidity

D) All of these

• A) Sublimation

B) Transpiration

C) Condensation

D) Dew

• A) Fast blowing

B) Ocean current

C) Monsoon winds

D) None of these

• A) Willy willy

B) Hurricanes

C) Easterly waves

D) Typhoons

• A) a cyclone

B) an anticyclone

C) an air mass

D) an air parcel

• A) Rainfall

B) Temperature

C) Pressure

D) Humidity

• A) Troposphere

B) Thermosphere

C) Stratosphere

D) Ionosphere

C) coriollis effect

D) pressure and earth's rotation

• A) High velocity trade winds

B) High velocity westerly winds

C) High velocity polar winds

D) High magnitude tidal waves due to high wind velocity

• A) Southern France

B) Iran and Iraq

C) California

• A) Selective absorption of radiation by atmosphere

B) Selective scattering of radiation by atmosphere

C) Reflection of blue colour of the oceans

D) Absorption of blue light in the atmosphere

• A) low pressure surrounded by high pressure

B) high pressure surrounded by low pressure

C) air divergence

D) air subsidence

• A) anticlockwise

B) clockwise

C) straight centre ward

• A) Increases

B) decreases

C) does not change

D) may increase or decrease

•  Assertion [A]: The polar front theory states that masses of relatively, warm and cold air arc brought into contact. Reason [R]: These masses are known after their source regions.

A) Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A.

B) Both A and R are correct, but R is not the correct explanation of A.

C) A is true, but R is false.

D) R is true, but A is false.

• A) Rossby waves - Jet stream

B) El Nino - Strong monsoon

C) Index cycle - Walker circulation

D) Hadley cell - Mid-latitude cell

• A) It is about 5 km thick layer.

B) Its average height is about 10 km over the equator.

C) There is no seasonal variation in its height.

D) The temperature at its top is lowest over the equator and relatively higher over the poles.

• A) Barometric pressure is high towards centre of the system.

B) Winds blow in clockwise direction in southern hemisphere.

C) Weather remains moist and sky is cloudy.

D) Situation of calm prevails and weather changes rapidly.

• A) Troposphere, Stratosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere.

B) Stratosphere, Troposphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere.

C) Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Ionosphere.

D) Stratosphere, Troposphere, Mesosphere, Ionosphere.

•  1. The atmosphere can be heated upwards only from the Earth's surface. 2. There is more moisture in the upper atmosphere. 3. The air is less dense in the upper atmosphere.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

A) 1 only

B) 2 and 3 only

C) 1 and 3 only

D) 1, 2 and 3

•  1. High relative humidity. 2. Warm oceanic temperature. 3. Region King between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.
Which of the above motivate the development of cyclone?

A) 1 and 2 only

B) 2 and 3 only

C) 1 and 3 only

D) 1, 2 and 3

•  1. The atmospheric air is never completely dry. 2. Water vapour can occupy as much as 4 per cent of the atmospheric volume. 3. Water vapour in the atmosphere is always invisible.

A) 1 and 2 are correct

B) 2 and 3 are correct

C) 1 and 3 are correct

D) 1, 2 and 3 are correct

•  Assertion [A]: The work of wind as an agent of gradation is not as widespread as that of water. Reason [R]: It is effective only in the desert regions of the world where rainfall is scanty and soil particles are loose.

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

B) Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.

C) A is true, but R is false.

D) A is false, but R is true.

•  Assertion [A]: Hurricane cannot develop in the vicinity of equator. Reason [R]: Coriol is force is maximum over the equator.

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

B) Both A and R are true, but R is not correct explanation of A.

C) A is true, but R is false.

D) A is false, but R is true.

•  List-I List-II A. Plucking 1. Wind B. Deflation 2. Stream C. Abrasion 3. Glacier D. Attrition 4. Mutual friction of rock fragments

A) A-3 B-2 C-1 D-4

B) A-3 B-1 C-2 D-4

C) A-1 B-3 C-4 D-2

D) A-3 B-4 C-1 D-2

•  List-I List-II A. Temperature falls with height 1. Ionosphere B. Reflects radio waves back to earth 2. Stratosphere C. Contains most of the ozone 3. Tropopause D. Fall in temperature slops 4. Troposphere

A) A-4 B-2 C-1 D-3

B) A-3 B-2 C-4 D-1

C) A-4 B-1 C-2 D-3

D) A-4 B-3 C-1 D-2

•  List-I (Winds) List-II (Place of occurrence) A. Santa Ana 1. Argentina B. Chinook 2. Alps C. Foehn 3. Rockies D. Zonda 4. California

A) A-4 B-3 C-2 D-1

B) A-2 B-1 C-4 D-3

C) A-4 B-2 C-3 D-1

D) A-3 B-4 C-2 D-1

•  1. Typhoons China Sea 2. Cyclones West Indies 3. Hurricanes Indian Ocean 4. Tornadoes Australia

A) 1, 2 and 4

B) 2, 3 and 4

C) 2 and 4

D) 3 and 4

•  List-I (Wind type) List-II (Regions where they) A. Brick fielders 1. N. California B. Sirocco 2. Australia C. Bergs 3. Mediterranean D. Northers 4. Africa

A) A-2 B-3 C-1 D-4

B) A-2 B-3 C-4 D-1

C) A-3 B-1 C-2 D-4

D) A-2 B-1 C-3 D-4

•  1. Calm weather 2. Snowfall 3. Storms and cyclonic storms 4. Intense rain and hail
Select the correct answer using the codes given below

A) 1 and 2

B) 2 and 3

C) 3 and 4

D) 1 and 4

•  1. Ozone is mostly found in the stratosphere 2. Ozone layer lies 25 to 30 km above the surface of the Earth 3. Ozone absorbs ultraviolet radiation from the Sun. 4. Ozone layer has no significance for life on the Earth
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A) 1 and 2

B) 1 and 3

C) 1, 2 and 3

D) 3 and 4

•  1. It absorbs most of the Ultraviolet radiation found the Sun's rays. 2. Chlorofluorocarbons are serious threat to the ozone layer.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below

A) Only 1

B) Only 2

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. Half the water vapour in the air in atmosphere the below an altitude of 1000 m. 2. The amount of perceptible water in the atmosphere increases from the equator to the poles.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A) Only 1

B) Only 2

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. Anticyclones are low pressure systems. 2. They are characterized by divergent wind circulation 3. They are indicative of dry weather conditions.
Select the correct answer using the code given below?

A) 2 and 3 only

B) 1 and 3 only

C) 1, 2 and 3

D) 1 only

•  Assertion [A]: Most of the weather changes are confined to troposphere. Reason [R]: Most of the atmospheric mass is contained in this layer

A) Both A and R are true and R Explains A

B) Both A and R are true but R does not explain

C) A is true but R is false

D) A is false but R is true

• A) Altocumulus

B) Altostratus

C) Cumulus

D) Cirrostratus

• A) Summer

B) Winter

C) Autumn

D) Spring

• A) Diabatic process

C) Ascent of Air

D) Convergence of air

• A) Uniform high pressure

B) Uniform low pressure

C) High wind velocity

D) High humidity

• A) Cold local winds in Mediterranean region

B) Local hot winds in California

C) Local cold winds of Siberia

D) Local hot winds of Western Australia

•  1. A hurricane acquires its spin from the Coriolis Effect. 2. The diameter of the hurricane decreases as it moves away from low lalitudes. 3. The diameter of a hurricane is never below 150 km.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A) Only 1

B) 2 and 3

C) 1 and 3

D) All of these

•  1. They rise in the belt of trade winds. 2. They move from west to east.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A) Only 1

B) Only 2

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. All cyclones develop an eye at the centre. 2. The temperature inside the eye is nearly ${{10}^{o}}C$ lesser than that of the surroundings.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. The approach of a cyclone is characterised by a rise in baromenic reading. 2. In the cyclones of the Northern hemisphere, the winds circulate in anticlockwise direction.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. In a cyclone the area of low pressure is at the centre surrounded by the areas of high pressure 2. In a cyclone the areas of low pressure surround the area of high pressure 3. In an anti-cyclone the area of high pressure is surrounded by the areas of low pressure 4. In an anti-cyclone the area of low pressure is surrounded by the areas of high pressure
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A) 1 and 2

B) 1 and 3

C) 1 and 4

D) 2 and 4

• A) The atmosphere has definite upper limits but gradually thins until it becomes imperceptible.

B) The atmosphere has no definite upper limits but gradually thins until it becomes imperceptible.

C) The atmosphere has definite upper limits but gradually thickens until it becomes imperceptible.

D) The atmosphere has no definite upper limits but gradually thickens until it becomes imperceptible.

• A) Cold fronts move al slower rate than warm fronts and therefore cannot overtake the warm fronts.

B) Cold fronts normally move faster than warm fronts and therefore frequently overtake the warm fronts.

C) Cold fronts move at slower rate, and eventually they are overtaken by the warm fronts.

D) Cold fronts move faster than warm fronts but they cannot overtake the warm fronts.

• A) Cartogram

B) Climogram

C) Ergo graph

D) Star diagram

• A) To know the surface area on a map

B) To know the distance on a map

C) To know the direction on a map

D) To know the height of places on a map

• A) Condensation

B) Evaporation

C) Sublimation

D) Saturation

• A) Low pressure

B) Low humidity

C) High wind velocity

D) High temperature

• A) Mesosphere

B) Troposphere

C) Stratosphere

D) Ionosphere

• A) increase

B) decrease

C) stay the same

D) fluctuate rapidly

•  1. A hurricane acquires its spin from the Coriolis Effect. 2. The diameter of the hurricane decreases as it moves away from low latitudes. 3. The diameter of a hurricane is never below 150 km.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct? INDA2010-II]

A) Only 1

B) 2 and 3

C) 1 and 3

D) All of these

• A) Light breeze-Fresh breeze-Gale-Hurricane

B) Fresh breeze-Light breeze-Hurricane-Gale

C) Light breeze-Gale-Fresh breeze-Hurricane

D) Hurricane-Light breeze-Gale-Fresh breeze

•  Statement I Wind is deflected to the right in Northern Hemisphere and to the left in Southern hemisphere from its normal course. Statement II Earth rotates from West-to-East.

A) Both the statements are individually true and Statement II is the correct explanation of Statement I

B) Both the statements are individually true, but Statement II is not the correct explanation of Statement I

C) Statement I is true, but Statement II is false

D) Statement I is false, but Statement II is true

• A) Tropic of Cancer

B) Either North or South Pole

C) Equator

D) Tropic of Capricorn

• A) conduction of heat between air and soil on the Earth

C) convection current of air

D) None of the above

• A) decreases rapidly

B) increases

C) remains constant

D) slowly becomes zero

•  List-I List-II (Local wind) (Area of Prevalence) A. Chinook 1 North African desert B. Foehn 2 Rocky mountain slopes of the USA C. Sirocco 3 Northern slopes of Alps D. Mistral 4 Sourthern slopes of Alps

A) A-2 B-3 C-1 D-4

B) A-2 B-1 C-3 D-4

C) A-4 B-1 C-3 D-2

D) A-4 B-3 C-1 D-2

• A) Polar high

B) Equatorial low

C) Sub-tropical high

D) Sub-polar low

•  Statement I Anticyclone, which is a high pressure wind system, does not bring about significant change in weather condition. Statement II The outward movement of wind from the high pressure centre keeps limited scope for weather disturbance.

A) Both the statements are individually true and Statement II is the coned explanation of Statement I

B) Both the statements are individually true, but Statement II is not the correct explanation of Statement II

C) Statement I is true, but Statement II is false

D) Statement I is false, but Statement II is true

•  Statement I: Ozone is a tri-atomic molecule of oxygen. Statement II: Ozone is concentrated mainly in stratosphere.

A) Both the statements are individually true and Statement II is the coned explanation of Statement I

B) Both the statements are individually true, but Statement II is not the correct explanation of Statement II

C) Statement I is true, but Statement II is false

D) Statement I is false, but Statement II is true

• A) Automobile exhaust fume

B) Industrial chimney

C) Mining

D) Wetland

• A) Advent of unsettled and cloudy weather

C) Fine and settled weather

D) Fire and unsettled weather

• A) carbon dioxide

B) ozone

C) oxygen

D) haze

• A) These are local winds

B) The descend along the Eastern slopes of the rocky mountain in mid-latitudes

C) They bring lots of rain with them

D) They benefit agriculture

• A) Thermosphere - Stratosphere -Troposphere

B) Troposphere - Thermosphere - Stratosphere

C) Troposphere - Stratosphere - Thermosphere

D) Thermosphere- Troposphere - Stratosphere

• A) Equator

B) Tropic of Cancer

C) Tropic of Capricorn

D) Poles

• A) westerly

B) doldrums

C) polar winds

•  1. Oxides of sulphur 2. Oxides of nitrogen 3. Oxides of carbon
Select the correct answer using the codes given below

A) 1 and 2

B) 1 and 3

C) Only 2

D) 1, 2 and 3

• A) usually move across North-America from East to West

B) are generally found only over the ocean

C) generally bring clear skis and little precipitation

D) are formed in regions of strong temperature contrasts

• A) absolute humidity

B) specific humidity

C) relative humidity

D) all of these

• A) clouds which extend beyond freezing level

B) those clouds which do not extend beyond the freeing level

C) all types of clouds

D) cumulonimbus cloud

• A) prevents entry of ultra -violet rays

B) prevents entry of X-rays

C) maintains level of oxygen on Earth

D) prevents acid rain on Earth

• A) Transpiration by plants docs contribute to cloud formation.

B) Only evaporation of surface water of rivers and oceans is responsible for cloud formation.

C) Rainfall docs not contribute in maintenance of underground water table.

D) Underground water may also be connected to surface water.

•  1. pressure gradient. 2. frictional force. 3. coriolis force.
Select the correct answer using the code give below:

A) 1 only

B) 2 and 3 only

C) 1 and 3 only

D) 1, 2 and 3

• A) Hydrogen

B) Helium

C) Nitrogen

D) Oxygen

• A)

 Air Mass Source Region Maritime Equatorial Warm oceans in the equatorial zone

B)

 Air Mass Source Region Maritime Polar Warm oceans in the tropical zone

C)

 Air Mass Source Region Continental Tropical Less warm oceans in the tropical zone

D)

 Air Mass Source Region Continental Polar Moist oceans in the polar zone

•  Statement I: The decrease of air temperature with increasing altitudes in the atmosphere is called the vertical temperature gradient. Statement II: In Troposphere, air temperature decreases with increasing altitude due to radiation from the Earth.

A) Both the statements are individually true and Statement II is the correct explanation of Statement I

B) Both the statements are individually true but Statement II is not the correct explanation of Statement I

C) Statement I is true but Statement II is false

D) Statement I is false but Statement II is true

•  1. Doldrums 2. Trade winds 3. Westerlies 4. Polar winds
Which one among the following is the idealized global pattern of these winds from the Equator to the Pole'.

A) 1, 2, 3, 4

B) 1, 3, 2, 4

C) 2, 1, 4, 3

D) 3, 1, 2, 4

•  1. The tropical cyclones of China Sea are called typhoons. 2. The tropical cyclones of the West Indies are called tornadoes. 3. The tropical cyclones of Australia are called Willy willies. 4. Formation of an anticyclone results in stormy weather condition.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

A) 1, 2, 3 and 4

B) 1, 2 and 4 only

C) 1 and 3 only

D) 3 only

•  List-I (Geographical feature) List-II (Type of geographic process) A. Cirque 1. Erosional feature of wind B. Yardang 2. Depositional feature of glacier C. Barkhan 3. Depositional feature of wind D. Drumlin 4. Erosional feature of glacier

A) A-4 B-2 C-3 D-1

B) A-4 B-1 C-3 D-2

C) A-2 B-3 C-1 D-4

D) A-2 B-1 C-3 D-4

• A) 50 km

B) 500 km

C) 50 km

D) 5 km

• A) Slow ascent of air$\to$slow condensation $\to$ heavy downpour

B) Rapid ascent of air$\to$large raindrops$\to$heavy downpour

C) Pressure decreased$\to$air compressed$\to$heavy downpour

D) Descent of air$\to \,\,\text{air}$warmed$\to$heavy downpour

• A) Troposphere

B) Stratosphere

C) Exosphere

D) Ionosphere

•  Tornadoes usually spin 1. anticlockwise in the northern hemisphere. 2. clockwise in me southern hemisphere. 3. clockwise in the northern hemisphere. 4. anticlockwise in the southern hemisphere.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A) 1 and 3

B) 1 and 2

C) 2 and 4

D) 2 and 3

•  1. Air close to the Earth's surface is heavier 2. Air close to the Earth's surface contains large quantity of water vapour and dust particles.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

B) Friction

C) Magnetism

D) Coriolis effect

• A) Troposphere

B) Thermosphere

C) Ionosphere

D) Exosphere

• A) Winter Season

B) Spring

C) Autumn Season

D) Summer season

• A) Saffir-Simpson Scale

B) Mercalli Scale

C) Fujita Scale

D) Richter Scale

•  1. It was a Tropical cyclone which passed over the northern part of the Indian Ocean. 2. The name 'Vardair given by Myanmar. 3. Cyclone Vardah made landfall in Tamil Nadu and coastal Andhra Pradesh.
Which of the above sentence(s) is/are true?

A) 1 and 3

B) 1 and 2

C) 2 and 3

D) 1, 2 and 3

• A) Infrared radiation emitted downward from clouds

B) Visible radiation scattered upward into the space

C) Latent heat released

D) Albedo of the earth and the atmosphere

• A) Absorption of solar cosmic rays

B) Small lapse rate

C) Strong vertical air currents

D) Heavy rainfall

• A) Canyon - River

B) Zeugen - Wind

C) Inselberg - Glacier

D) Moraine - Glacier

• A) Typhoon

B) Willy-Willy

C) Hurricane

D) Cyclone

• A) Lower Troposphere

B) Middle Troposphere

C) Upper Troposphere

D) Whole Troposphere

• A) Florida

B) Georgia

C) South Carolina

D) South-West Haitti

• A) Stratosphere

B) Ozonosphere

C) Ionosphere

D) Troposphere

• A) Evaporation

B) Normal temperature lapse rate

C) Catabatic lapse rate

D) Condensation

• A) Earth's surface receives its energy as short wave electromagnetic radiation

B) On an average earth receives 1.94 calories per sq. cm per minute at the top of the atmosphere

C) Total insolation received at the equator is 400% more than at poles.

D) All of the above

•  I. Land gets heated by conduction. II. Water has a higher specific heat. III. Only the surface layer of water is heated. IV. Water gets heated by convection.

A) I, II and III

B) II and III

C) I and IV

D) II and IV

• A) High temperature

B) High humidity

C) Both a and b

D) Westerlies

• A) High Clouds - 10000 to 15000 meters above sea level

B) Cirrus-Wispy, fibrous - Looking cloud which indicates fair weather

C) Cirrocumulus - A thin cloud, often globular and rippled

D) Cirrostratus - Thin white sheet type which gives the sun and moon their haloes

• A)  Atmospheric refraction

B)  Scattering of light

C)  Tyndall Effect

D)  Atmospheric reflection