10th Class Social Science Federalism and Center State Relation Question Bank Short Answer Type - Federalism

  • question_answer Examine the concepts:
    (i) Panchayat or Block Samiti.
    (ii) Municipalities and Municipal Corporations
    (iii) Zilla Parishads.

    Answer:

    Concepts: Structure of Panchayati Raj
    (i) Panchayat Samiti or Block Samiti: The representative body at block level of the Panchayati Raj is known as the Panchayat Samiti or Block Samiti. It is formed by a group of gram panchayats. The members of this representative body are elected by all the panchayat members in that area Panchayat Samiti looks after affairs of Blocks.
    (ii) Municipalities and Municipal Corporations: Municipalities and Municipal Corporations are the government bodies in urban areas.
    (a) Municipalities are constituted towns and municipal corporations in big cities.
    (b) Both municipalities and municipal corporations are controlled by elected bodies consisting of people representatives.
    (c) Municipal chairperson is the political head of the municipality.
    (iii) Zila Parishad: Zila Parishad is the representative body at district level. All the Panchayat Samiti's or mandals in a district, together constitute the Zila Parishad. Zila Parishad looks after the matters or affairs of district.
    Most members of the Zila Parishad are elected including the members of the Lok Sabha and MLAs.
    Zila Parishad chairperson is the political head of the Zila Parishad.
         


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