The basic traits of federalism are: Federalism is a system of government in which the power is divided between a central authority and various constituent units of the country by the constitution.
· Two levels of government: (i) Usually a federation has two levels of government. One is the government for the entire country. (ii) The others are governments at the level of provinces or states. · Separation of powers: (i) Both these levels of governments enjoy their powers independently. · Independence of Judiciary: (i) In a federation, for all matters affecting the Constitution, the Supreme Court acts as the final arbiter.
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