|The general nature of federalism varies from one country to another.|
|Actually the exact balance of power between the central and the state government varies from one federation to another. This balance depends mainly on the historical context in which the federation was formed.|
|However, there are two kinds of routes through which federations have been formed.|
|Coming Together Federations Holding Together Federations|
|(i) Coming Together Federation involves independent states coming together on their own to form a bigger unit so that by pooling sovereignty and retaining identity they can increase their security e.g. - U.S.A.|
|(ii) The another nature Holding Together Federation is one where a large country decides to divide its power between the constituent states and the national government e.g. India.|
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