(a) The power of the Supreme Court to hear and decide appeals in civil and criminal cases against the decisions of the State High Courts is known as Appellate Jurisdiction. (b) Appellate jurisdiction covers three types of cases - constitutional, civil and 'criminal cases. (c) Constitutional Cases: There can be an appeal against any decision or order of a High Court if the High Court certifies that the case involves some question of interpretation of the constitution. (d) Civil Cases: There can be an appeal in civil cases if the High Court certifies that the case involves a substantial question of law. (e) In criminal cases where the death sentence has been given, or the High Court has reversed the order of a subordinate court and sentenced a person to death, he can go for an appeal to the Supreme Court. (f) The Supreme Court can also allow any decision by a lower court to come to it.
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