# UPSC Geography Climate Question Bank

### done Climatology

• A) Oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen

B) Carbon dioxide, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen

C) Hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, oxygen

D) Nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, hydrogen

•  I. Its maximum concentration is 20 to 25 km above the earth's surface. II. It saves us from the intense heat of the sun.

A) Statement I is correct

B) Statement II is correct

C) Both Statement I and Statement II are correct

D) Neither I nor II is correct

•  1. Atmosphere is odourless, tasteless and colourless 2. Atmosphere is held to the earth by its gravitational force and is an integral part of the earth. 3. Hydrogen present in the air is a heavy gas and is confined to the lower layers of the atmosphere only. 4. Dust particles present in the atmosphere act as hydroscopic matter.

A) 1 and 2 only

B) 1, 2 and 3 only

C) 2, 3 and 4 only

D) 1, 2 and 4 only

•  1. Most of the weather phenomena are associated with stratosphere. 2. Lower part of stratosphere is called ozonosphere
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  List I (Atmospheric layer) List II (Special feature) A. Troposphere 1. Mother of pearls B. Stratosphere 2. Normal lapse rate C. Ionosphere 3. Aurora Borealis D. Mesosphere 4. Rise in temperature

A) A-4 B-2C-1D-3

B) A-3B-4C-1D-2

C) A-2B-1C-3D-4

D) A-1B-3C-4D-2

•  1. Gases in hetero sphere are not evenly mixed 2. Troposphere contains over 90% of the earth's water vapour 3. Hydrogen is confined to lower layers of the atmosphere 4. Temperature at troop pause is less at the equator than at the poles

A) 1, 2 and 3 only

B) 1, 2 and 4 only

C) 2, 3 and 4 only

D) 1, 3 and 4 only

•  1. Tropo pause extends to a height of 18 km at the equator and only 10 km at the poles. 2. Ionosphere is useful for radio transmission.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

• A) Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Ionosphere

B) Troposphere, Exosphere, Mesosphere, Stratosphere

C) Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Exosphere, Troposphere

D) Ionosphere, Troposphere, Mesosphere, Stratosphere

•  I. Water vapour in the atmosphere decreases with altitude. II. It increases from equator towards the poles. III. About 90% of atmospheric water vapour lies below 6 km. IV. It preserves earth's radiated heat.

A) I, II, III???

B) I, III, IV

C) I, II, III, IV

D) II, III, IV

•  1. Chemically it is divided into homosphere and heterosphere. 2. Molecular layer extends from 200 to 1100 km. 3. Water vapour present in the air produces the optical phenomena of red and orange hues in the sky at sunrise and sunset which are known as dawn and dusk respectively. 4. Thermosphere is divided into ionosphere and exosphere
Which of the above statements are correct?

A) 2, 3 and 4 only

B) 1, 2 and 3 only

C) 1, 3 and 4 only

D) 1, 2 and 4 only

•  1. Ionosphere deflects long wave, medium wave and short wave radio waves and help in radio transmission. 2. Ionosphere is the layer of convection currents
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  Assertion (A): The thickness of the atmosphere is the maximum over the equator.????? Reason (R): High insulation and strong convection currents occur over the equator.

A) Both A are R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

B) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

C) A is true but R is false

D) A is fast false but R is true

•  1. It contains about three-fourth of the total mass of the atmosphere. 2. There is fall in temperature with increasing height. 3. Its height is more at equator than at the poles. All the weather phenomena occur in this layer.
Identify this layer

A) Ionosphere

B) Mesosphere

C) Stratosphere

D) Troposphere

•  I. They act as hydroscopic nuclei around which water vapour condenses to produce cloud. II. They produce dawn and dusk. III. They have no role in the apparent colour of the sky.

A) I and II

B) II and III

C) I, II and III

D) I and III

•  1. The diffused light that occurs before sunrise is known as dawn. 2. Light is scattered by the molecules of atmosphere gases. 3. The duration of dawn and twilight varies with altitude. 4. Lower sun angles produces longer dawn and twilight.
Which of the above statements are correct?

A) 1 and 2 only

B) 2 and 3 only

C) 3 and 4 only

D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

•  List I (Atmospheric layers) List II (Characteristics) A. Troposphere 1. Normal lapse rate B. Stratosphere 2. Mother of pearls C. Ionosphere 3. Reflection of radio waves D. Exosphere 4. Very rare air

A) A-1 B-2C-3D-4

B) A-2B-3C-4D-1

C) A-3B-4C-1D-2

D) A-4 B-3C-2D-1

•  List I (Characteristics) List II (Atmospheric layer) A. Fall in temperature with height 1. Ionosphere B. Reflects radio waves??? 2. Troposphere C. Contains ozone gas???? 3. Exosphere D. Increase in temperature with height 4. Stratosphere

A) A-2 B-1C-4D-3

B) A-1B-3C-2D-4

C) A-4B-3C-1D-2

D) A-3B-4C-2D-1

•  I. Increasing use of the chlorofluorocarbons has resulted in depletion of ozone layer in the atmosphere. II. The largest ozone hole is found on the Arctic Ocean

A) Statements I and II are correct

B) Neither I nor II is correct

C) Only I is correct

D) Only II is correct

•  1. It extends from the earth's surface up to an altitude of 80-90 km. 2. It has heterogeneous chemical composition. 3. Kennedy- Heaviside layer is an important part of ionosphere. 4. This part of the atmosphere is a function of revolutionary process in the atmosphere.

A) Only 1 is correct

B) Only 1 and 2 are correct

C) Only 1, 2 and 3 are correct

D) 1, 2, 3 and 4 are correct.

•  I. Large distance of the earth from the sun. II. Small size of the earth as compared to sun. III. Empty space between the sun and the earth. IV. The gaseous mass surrounding the earth.

A) Statement I, II and III are correct.

B) Statement II, III and IV are correct.

C) Statement I and II are correct.

D) Statement III and IV are correct.

•  1. Heat energy radiated by the sun into space is known as solar insolation. 2. Slope of land does not have any effect on the amount of solar radiation received at a place.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  I. There are no clouds and other weather phenomenon. II. Uniform temperature increases engine efficiency. III. The presence of ozone gas increases fuel efficiency IV. Air resistance is at its maximum.
Which statement is/are correct?

A) Only I

B) I and II

C) I, II and III

D) I, II, III and IV

• A) Inclination of sun's rays

B) Presence of clouds in the atmosphere

C) Duration of day

D) Rotation of the earth

• A) Solar radiation absorbed by the earth's surface.

B) Solar radiation absorbed by the atmosphere.

C) Solar radiation reflected back by the earth's surface to the space.

D) Ratio between the total solar radiation falling upon a surface and amount reflected in percentage,

•  1. The reflective quality of a surface, expressed in percentage of the total energy received known as its albedo. 2. The albedo of water surface varies from 2 to 99 per cent depending on the angle of incidence of the sun's rays. 3. Albedo of old snow is layer than that of the fresh snow. 4. The overall albedo of clouds is larger than other surface.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1, 2 and 3 only

B) 2, 3 and 4 only

C) 1, 2 and 4 only

D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

•  1. Taiga 2. Tropical evergreen 3. Tropical deciduous 4. Tundra
The correct sequence in decreasing order of the Albedo values of those ecosystems is;

A) 1, 4, 3, 2

B) 4, 1, 3, 2

C) 4, 1, 2, 3

D) 1, 4, 2, 3

•  I. Balance of heat received and emitted by the earth is called its heat budget. II. Less than half of the solar insulation received at the top of the atmosphere reaches the earth's surface.

A) I is correct

B) II is correct

C) Both I and II are correct

D) Neither I nor II is correct

•  I. Insulation is the heat energy and temperature is the measure of heat intensity. II. Insulation is measured in calories whereas temperature is expressed in degrees ($^{o}C$or$^{o}F$). III. Insolation is the effect and temperature is the cause.
Find out the correct statements using the following code.

A) I only

B) I and II only

C) I, II and III

D) II and III only

•  List I?? ???????? (Process)??????? List II (Definition) A. Absorption?? 1. The reflection quality of a surface B. Albedo????? 2. Solar radiation which is intercepted by the earth. C. Refraction?? 3. The bending effect that occurs when insolation enters the atmosphere D. Insolation? ?4. Assimilation and conversion of radiation from one form to another in a medium

A) A-4 B-1C-3D-2

B) A-2B-3C-1D-4

C) A-1B-4C-2D-3

D) A-3B-2C-4D-1

•  1. Skin cancer particularly to white skinned people. 2. Crop damage 3. Throat irritation and fatigue 4. Injury to some aquatic life
Find out the correct answer using code given below.

A) 1 and 2 only

B) 1, 2 and 3 only

C) 1, 2, 3 and 4

D) 2, 3, 4 only

•  A. Torrid zone 1. Between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn B. North Temperate Zone 2. Between Tropic of Capricorn and Antarctic Circle C. South Temperate Zone 3. Between Tropic of Cancer and Arctic Circle D. North Frigid Zone??? 4. Between Arctic Circle and North Pole

A) A-1 B-2C-3D-4

B) A-4B-3C-1D-2

C) A-1B-3C-2D-4

D) A-3B-2C-4D-1

• A) Large absorption of solar radiation by pure air.

B) Lack of vertical movement of air.

C) Presence of ozone gas.

D) Presence of minute particles.

•  List I List II A. Temperature falls 1. Ionosphere with height B. Reflects radio waves back 2. Stratosphere C. Contains most of Ozone 3. Troposphere D. Fall in temperature stops 4. Tropopause

A) A-2 B-3C-4D-1

B) A-1B-2C-3D-4

C) A-4B-3C-2D-1

D) A-3B-1C-2D-4

• A) Tropical rainforests

B) Tropical hot deserts

C) Sub polar areas

D) Highlands of Central Asia

•  List I (Atmospheric Layers) List II (Characteristics) A. Troposphere??? 1. All weather phenomena B. Stratosphere??? 2. Presence of ozone layer C. Ionosphere????? 3. Electricity charged particles D. Mesosphere???? 4. Aurora Borealis

A) A and B

B) A, B and C

C) B, C and D

D) A, B, C and D

• A) Short waves and long waves

B) Short waves and short waves

C) Long waves and long waves

D) Long waves and short waves

•  1. Nights are short 2. Sky is covered with clouds 3. Weather is stable 4. Air is dry
Which of the above factors are correct?

A) 1 and 2 only

B) 2 and 3 only

C) 3 and 4 only????

D) 1 and 4 only

•  List I????????????????? (Phenomena)?????????? List II (Type of temperature inversion) I. Air moving from high area to low area along the valley floor 1. Air drainage inversion II. Intense cooling of earth's surface due to rapid radiation 2. Surface inversion III. Warm airs blows over cold air??? ? 3. Advectional inversion IV. Cold air mass pushes up the warm air mass 4. Frontal inversion

A) I and II??

B) I, II and III

C) I, II, III and IV??

D) II and IV

•  1. Regular fall of temperature with height in the troposphere is known as normal lapse rate. 2. Rise in temperature with height is called inversion of temperature.????????????????
Which of the above statements is/are correct??

A) 1 only

B) 2 only????????????

C) both 1 and 2????

D) Neither 1 nor 2??

• A) Equatorial region

B) Hot desert region

C) Monsoon region

D) Mediterranean region

• A) Savanna region

B) Equatorial region

C) Taiga region

D) Monsoon region

•  1. In the troposphere the temperature falls at the rate of ${{10}^{o}}C$ per km altitude. 2. Cloudy days and nights are cooler than dry days and nights
Which of the above statements is/are correct??

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Neither 1 nor 2

D) Both 1 and 2

•  1. Days and nights are longest in June and December respectively in the northern hemisphere. 2. Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn represent the farthest northern and southern limits of the sun's vertical rays respectively. 3. At the time of summer Solstice, Norway and Finland never get sunshine. 4. At the time of winter solstice, the Antarctic continent is in complete darkness.
Which of the above statements are correct?

A) 1 and 2 only

B) 2 and 3 only

C) 3 and 4 only

D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

•  [a] Moscow in the Russian Federation has the highest annual range of temperature in the world. [b] Singapore has one of the lowest annual ranges of temperature in the world.

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. Interior parts of the continents experience higher annual range of temperature as compared to the coastal areas. 2. Thermal equator remains at the equator throughout the year. 3. Northern hemisphere experiences higher annual range of temperature than southern hemisphere. 4. Some parts of equatorial Africa experience higher diurnal range of temperature than the annual range of temperature.

A) 1, 2 and 3 only

B) 2, 3 and 4 only

C) 1, 3 and 4 only

D) 1, 2 and 4 only

•  1. Isotherms almost run parallel to the latitudes. 2. In the northern hemisphere, the isotherms bend equator ward while crossing landmasses and pole ward while crossing the oceans.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. Altitude above sea level 2. Moisture in the air 3. Rotation of the earth 4. Climatology 1.73

A) 1 and 2

B) 1, 2 and 3

C) 1, 2, 3 and 4

D) 2, 3 and 4

• A) Equatorial low, Sub-Polar low, Polar High, Sub-Tropical High

B) Sub-Tropical High, Polar High, Sub-Polar low, Equatorial low

C) Sub-Polar low, Polar High, Sub-Tropical High, Equatorial low

D) Equatorial low, Sub-Tropical High, Sub- Polar, Polar High

•  I. They have to travel through smaller thickness of the atmosphere. II. They have to heat lesser area on the earth's surface.

A) Only 1 is correct

B) Only II is correct

C) Both I and II are correct

D) Neither I nor II is correct.

•  List I List II A. Doldrums?????? 1. Equatorial B. Horse Latitudes 2. Polar High C. Frigid Zone???? 3. Sub-tropical high D. Torrid Zone???? 4. Tropics within Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn

A) A - 1, B - 2, C - 3, D - 4

B) A - 1, B - 3, C - 2, D - 4

C) A - 2, B - 3, C - 1, D - 4

D) A - 3, B - 1, C - 1, D - 2

• A) There is extremely low atmospheric pressure

B) It is an area of strong horizontal winds

C) There is no horizontal wind and only vertical currents are found

D) Humidity in the air is very high

•  1. High temperature 2. High water vapour content in the air 3. Maximum centrifugal force on the equator 4. Convergence of air from the subtropical high pressure belts

A) 1, 2 and 3 only

B) 2, 3 and 4 only

C) 1, 3 and 4 only

D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

•  1. There is very little flow of air 2. The air continuously descends 3. The Inter-tropical convergence Zone (ITZ) formed by the converging winds maintains its position at the equator throughout the year. 4. The converging air is dry.

A) 1 and 4 only

B) 2 and 3 only

C) 1 and 2 only

D) 3 and 4 only

• A) Frictional force??

B) Geostrophic force

C) Deflection force

D) Centripetal force

•  List I (Pressure cells) List II (Avg Temperature/ moisture) A. Equatorial low pressure trough 1. Cold/dry B. Sub-Tropical high pressure cells 2. Cool/wet C. Sub-polar low pressure cells 3. Warm/dry D. Polar high pressure cells 4. Hot/wet

A) A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4

B) A-2, B-3, C-1, D-4

C) A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1

D) A-3, B-4, C-1, D-2

•  1. They are also called Ross by waves. 2. They are usually found near tropo pause. 3. They travel from west to east in the northern hemisphere and from east to west in the southern hemisphere 4. They travel at very high velocity 5. They are usually sinuous in character
Which of the above statements are correct?

A) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only

B) 1, 2, 3 and 5 only

C) 1, 2 and 4 only

D) 1, 2, 4 and 5 only

• A) Jet streams are strong winds with normal speed of 100 to 300 km/hr

B) Discovery of the Jet Streams was made by American airplanes during the World War I

C) Jet streams shift pole wards during summer and equator wards during winter season.

D) Velocity of the Jet stream in winter is almost twice the velocity the summer.

•  1. Doldrum?????????? Equatorial low pressure belt 2. Horse Latitudes? Sub-polar low pressure belt 3.? Torrid zone???? Sub-tropical high pressure belt

A) 1 only

B) 1 and 2 only

C) 2 and 3 only

D) 1, 2 and 3

• A) Atmospheric pressure

B) Atmospheric moisture

D) Insolation

• A) Low temperature

B) Divergence of air

C) Convergence of air

D) Descending of air

• A) Pressure distribution

C) Revolution of the earth

D) Rotation of the earth

• A) Sub-tropical high and equatorial low

B) Equatorial low and sub-tropical high

C) Sub-tropical high and sub-polar low

D) Sub-polar low and sub-tropical high

•  1. They constantly blow from tropical high pressure belt to equatorial low pressure belt. 2. They derive their name from the trade which was carried on with help of these winds in the medieval period. 3. They bring lot of rainfall to the equatorial low pressure belt. 4. They are deflected from their path due to the earth's rotation.

A) 1 and 2 only

B) 2 and 3 only

C) 2 and 4 only

D) 1 and 4 only

•  I. It is a low pressure area near the equator. II. It is at the convergence of NE and SE trade winds. III. It shifts its position to the north of equator in the summer and to the south of equator in the winter season.

A) I is true

B) II, III are true

C) I, II, III are true

D) I, III are true

• A) Pressure belts

B) Velocity of wind

C) Direction of winds

D) Deflection of winds

• A) They blow from sub-tropical high pressure belts to sub-polar low pressure belts.

B) They cause heavy rainfall on the eastern margins of the continents.

C) They are deflected due to the earth's rotation.

D) They are best developed between ${{40}^{o}}$ and ${{65}^{o}}$ south latitudes.

•  1. Effectiveness of Coriolis force decreases from equator towards the poles 2. Moist air is heavier than dry air.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

• A) Equatorial low pressure

B) Sub-tropical high pressure

C) Sub-polar low pressure

D) Polar high pressure

• A) Trade winds

B) Western winds

C) Monsoon winds

D) Polar winds

• A) Monsoon winds

B) Land and Sea Breezes

C) Mountain and valley Breezes

• A) Continents of the Northern Hemisphere

B) Oceans of the Northern Hemisphere

C) Continents of the Southern Hemisphere

D) Oceans of the Southern Hemisphere

•  1. They blow uninterrupted in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere. 2. They blow with great strength and constancy. 3. Their direction is generally from north- west to south-east in the southern hemisphere 4. Overcast skies, rain and raw weather are generally associated with them.
Which of the above statements are correct?

A) 1, 2 and 3 only

B) 2, 3 and 4 only

C) 1, 3 and 4 only

D) 1, 2 and 4 only

•  1. Southern hemisphere has less landmass as compared to northern hemisphere. 2. Coriolis force is higher in southern hemisphere as compared to northern hemisphere.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

• A) Stormy

B) Cloudy and dry

C) Calm

D) Hot and sunny

• A) Water vapour in stratus clouds

B) Ice crystals in cirrocumulus clouds

C) Ice crystals in cirrus clouds

D) Dust particles in stratus clouds

• A) India and Pakistan

B) Bangladesh and Myanmar

C) Indonesia and Philippines

D) Brazil and Bolivia

•  List I (Theory of monsoon winds) List II (Scholar) 1. Classical Theory??? 1. Edmund Hally 2. Air Mass Theory???? 2. M.T. Yin 3. Jet Stream Theory?? 3. H. Flohn

A) 1 only

B) 1 and 2 only

C) 2 and 3 only

D) 1, 2 and 3

• A) La Nina

B) Movement of Jet Stream

C) El Nino and Southern oscillations

D) Greenhouse effect on global level

• A) There is complete reversal of direction of wind flow according to season.

B) Affects most parts of south-east Asia

C) Rainfall is seasonal

D) Not affected by El-Nino

•  1. La Nina is characterized by unusually cold ocean temperature in equatorial Indian Ocean whereas El Nino is characterized by unusually warm ocean temperature in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. 2. El Nino has adverse effect on monsoon climate
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. Normal El Nino forms in the Central Pacific Ocean whereas El Nino Modoki forms in Eastern Pacific ocean. 2. Normal El Nino results in diminished hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean but El Nino Modoki results in a greater number of hurricanes with greater frequency.
Correct statements:

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  Assertion (A): Wind patterns are clockwise in the northern hemisphere and anti-clockwise in the southern hemisphere. Reason (R): The directions of wind pattern in the northern and the southern hemisphere are governed by the Coriolis Effect.

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

B) Both A and R are correct but R is not a correct explanation of A

C) A is true but R is false

D) A is false but R is true

•  1. They are more pronounced in the tropical zone 2. Sea breezes are more effective at night time 3. The effect of land and sea breezes decreases with latitude 4. Land breeze has smaller seaward penetration than the landward penetration of sea breeze.

A) 1, 2 and 3

B) 2, 3 and 4

C) 1, 2 and 4

D) 1, 3 and 4

• A) Mediterranean Sea

B) Baltic Sea

C) Bering Sea

D) Caribbean Sea

•  1. Speed of the valley breeze is approximately proportional to the square root of the temperature differences between the top and bottom of the valley 2. Mountain breezes generally cause inversion of temperature in the valley
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

• A) Edmond Halley attributed the origin of monsoon winds to differential heating of land and sea.

B) Flohn considered monsoon as a modification of planetary winds of the tropics.

C) El Nino adversely affects the monsoon winds.

D) La Nina has no effect on the monsoon winds.

• A) Trade winds and monsoon winds.

B) Monsoon winds and land and sea breezes.

C) Land and sea breezes and mountain and valley breezes.

D) Mountain and valley breezes and trade winds.

•  I. India II. China III. Japan IV. Bangladesh

A) Only I

B) I and II only

C) I, II, III only

D) I, II, III, IV

• A)

 Local wind???????? Area ?Bora?????????? ?????? Adriatic coast

B)

 Local wind???????? Area Mistral?????????????? Southern France

C)

 Local wind???????? Area ?Berg????????????????? Spain

D)

 Local wind???????? Area ?Khamsin?????????? Egypt

• A) Harmattan??????

B) Sirocco

C) Khamsin

D) Brickfielder

•  I. They blow down the eastern slopes of Rockies in U.S.A. and Canada after crossing these mountain ranges. II. They are known as snow eaters in the Great Plain of North America. III. They cause heavy destruction to crops and grasslands in the areas affected by them.

A) Only I is true

B) I and II are true

C) I, II, III are true

D) II and III are true

•  List I List II A. Foehn??????? 1. Leeward side of the Alps B. Chinook???? 2. Rockies of North America C. Mistral?????? 3. Rhone Valley D. Brickfielder? 4. Australia

A) A-2, B-1, C-4, D-3

B) A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4

C) A-3, B-4, C-1, D-2

D) A-4, B-2, C-3, D-1

•  List I (Local wind) List II (Country/Region) A. Getii??????????? 1. Tarim Basin B. Kharaburan????? 2. Libya C. Harmettan?????? 3.? Adriatic sea D. Bora??????????? 4.? Sahara

A) A-2, B-1, C-4, D-3

B) A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4

C) A-3, B-4, C-1, D-2

D) A-4, B-2, C-3, D-1

•  List I (Wind) List II (Characteristics) A. Chinook??? 1. Snow eater B. Khamsin??? 2. Wind of fifty days C. Sirocco????? 3.? Cause 'blood rain' in Italy D. Harmattan?? 4. Known as doctor in? Guinea

A) A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4

B) A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1

C) A-3, B-2, C-4, D-1

D) A-2, B-4, C-1, D-3

• A) Australia and New Zealand

B) India and New Zealand

C) Brazil and Argentina

D) China and Japan

• A) Bora

B) Blizzard

C) Brickfield

D) Mistral

• A)

 Local wind Area ?Bora Adriatic coast

B)

 Local wind Area ?Mistral?????????????? Southern France

C)

 Local wind???????? Area ?Nevados?????????? Spain

D)

 Local wind???????? Area ?Khamsin??????? Egypt

• A)

 Local wind??? Area ?Maestro?????????? Central Mediterranean region

B)

 Local wind Area ?Pampero Argentina and Uruguay

C)

 Local wind Area ?Leveche??????? Spain

D)

 Local wind??? Area ?Haboob??????? Saudi Arabia

•  List I?????????????? List II (Local wind)??????? (Region) A. Fohn??????????? 1. Argentina B. Sarmun???????? 2. Kurdistan C. Santa Ana?????? 3. California D. Zonda????????? 4. Alps

A) A-2, B-4, C-1, D-3

B) A-4, B-2, C-3, D-1

C) A-2, B-4, C-3, D-1

D) A-4, B-2, C-1, D-3

•  1. Wind speed is influenced by the topographical features. 2. The effect of surface friction extends to a height of about 500m (1650 ft) 3. Rougher surfaces produce more friction. 4. Wind speed changes according to pressure gradient.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 and 2only

B) 1, 2 and 3 only

C) 1, 2, 3 and 4

D) 2, 3 and 4 only

• A) Chinook is a blessing to Great Plain of North America as it raises temperature swiftly and considerably.

B) Fohn blows over Alps of Poland.

C) Nevodos blows from Andean snow fields to high valleys of Ecuador.

D) Shamal is a dry dust laden wind blowing across the plains of Iraq in Tigris-Euphrates basin.

• A) Evaporation depends upon temperature and dryness of the air.

B) Clouds favour evaporation and increase the amount of evaporation.

C) Maximum water vapour in the air is found over the equator.

D) Evaporation taking place from vegetation is known as transpiration. Which of the above statements as wrong?

• A) Absolute Humidity

B) Specific Humidity

C) Relative Humidity

D) Optimum Humidity

• A) Amount of water vapour actually present in the air at a particular temperature to the amount of water vapour required to saturate the same air at the same temperature. Climatology 1.79

B) Amount of water vapour actually present in the air to the maximum water vapour which can be held in the same water at the same temperature.

C) Weight of moist air to that of dry air.

D) Volume of moisture to weight of moist air at the same temperature.

•  1. Increasing the moisture without increasing the temperature. 2. Increasing the temperature without increasing the moisture. 3. Decreasing the temperature without increasing the moisture. 4. Decreasing the moisture without decreasing the temperature.

A) 1 and 2

B) 1 and 3

C) 2 and 3

D) 3 and 4

•  1. Absolute humidity is expressed in terms of grams of moisture per kilogram of air. 2. Specific humidity is expressed as grams of moisture per cubic metric of air. 3. Relative humidity has no unit and is expressed in terms of percentages.

A) Only 1 is correct

B) Only 2 is correct

C) Only 3 is correct

D) 1, 2 and 3 are correct

•  1. Absolute humidity is the total weight of moisture contained per volume of air at a defined temperature. 2. Specific humidity is the mass of water vapour in grams contained in one kg of air. 3. Relative humidity is the ratio of water vapour actually present in the air having definite volume and temperature to the maximum amount the air can hold. 4. Humidity capacity is the moisture content of air measure in gm/cc.

A) 1 and 2 only

B) 2 and 3 only

C) 1, 2 and 3 only

D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

• A) Condensation starts

B) Dew starts evaporating

C) Water starts freezing

D) Water vapours in the air are frozen

• A) Temperature of the air falls below dew point.

B) Temperature of the air falls below freezing point.

C) Additional moisture is added to air.

D) Volume of air is increased without any addition of heat. Which of the above statements is wrong?

• A) Long nights

B) Calm air

C) Overcast sky

D) High relative humidity

•  1. Clear sky 2. Calm air 3. Low relative humidity 4. Temperature below freezing point

A) 1, 2 and 3

B) 1, 2 and 4

C) 2, 3 and 4

D) 1, 3 and 4

• A) Fog is a sort of cloud with its base near or at the ground.

B) Fog is generally formed during winter nights.

C) It disappears after sun rise.

D) Fog contains more moisture than mist. Which of the above statements is wrong?

•  I. Smog is a mixture of fog and smoke. II. It appears over urban and industrial areas.

A) I is correct

B) I is correct

C) I and II are correct

D) Neither I nor II is correct

• A) Stratus

B) Altostratus

C) Cirrus

D) Altocumulus

• A) Cumulus

B) Cumulonimbus

C) Cirrus

D) Altocumulus

•  List I (Clouds) List II (Possible weather changes) A. Altostratus????? 1. Impending rain or snow B. Cumulus?????? 2. Fair weather C. Stratocumulus?? 3. Possibility of rain D. Cirrus????????? 4. Showery weather

A) A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4

B) A-1, B-4, C-3, D-2

C) A-2, B-3, C-4, D-1

D) A-3, B-1, C-2, D-4

• A) Conversion of water vapour into rain.

B) Conversion of water vapour into rain and snow.

C) Conversion of water vapour into rain, snow and fog.

D) Fall of water vapour on the ground in any form of liquid and solid.

• A) Unsaturated air, condensation, dew point, precipitation

B) Condensation, dew point, saturated air, precipitation

C) Unsaturated air, condensation, saturated air, dew point, precipitation

D) Unsaturated air, dew point, condensation, precipitation

•  1. Air is saturated when the relative humidity is 100 percent 2. Air is saturated when dew point is reached 3. Air is saturated when freezing point is reached
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 and 2 only

B) 2 and 3 only

C) 1 and 3 only

D) 1, 2 and 3

•  1. Heating or cooling of descending or ascending air respectively without any change in heat content. 2. Rise in temperature of the air after injecting heat in the air. 3. Fall in temperature of the air after heat is taken out of air.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 1 and 2 only

C) 2 and 3 only

D) 1, 2 and 3

• A) It occurs daily in the afternoon in the equatorial region

B) It is of a short duration and stops before sunset

C) It occurs in the form of heavy showers

D) It makes cirrostratus clouds.

• A) It requires a mountain barrier across the wind direction.

B) Areas near the mountain slope receive the maximum rainfall.

C) Windward slope gets maximum rainfall while leeward slope gets minimum rainfall.

D) The windward slope is characterized by stratus clouds whereas leeward slopes are characterized by cumulus clouds.

•  List I List II 1. Vertical circulation of air Orographic rainfall 2. Mountain range coming in the way of moisture laden winds Conventional rainfall 3. Warm moist air mass riding over cold dry air mass Cyclonic rainfall

A) 1

B) 1 and 2

C) 2

D) 3

•  List I (Type of Rainfall) List II (Area) A. Convectional rainfall 1. Western Europe B. Orographic rainfall ?? 2. Western Ghats C. Cyclonic rainfall of Western Ghats 3. Areas to the east D. Rainshadow??????? 4. Equatorial region

A) A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4

B) A-4, B-2, C-1, D-3

C) A-2, B-3, C-1, D-4

D) A-4 ,B-3, C-2, D-1

• A) Prevent cold waves from the sky from descending on earth.

B) Reflect back the heat given off by earth

C) Produce heat and radiate it towards earth

D) Absorb heat from the atmosphere and send it towards earth.

•  Assertion (A): Areas near the equator receive rainfall throughout the year Reason (R): High temperature and high humidity cause convectional rain in most afternoons near the equator.
In the context of the above statements, which one of the following is correct?

A) Both A and R is true and R is the correct explanation of A

B) Both A and R is true but R is not the correct explanation of A

C) A is true but R is false

D) A is false but R is true

•  1. In the middle latitudes, east coast regions receive more rainfall than their western counterparts. 2. Windward slopes of the hills receive abundant rainfall but leeward slopes are almost dry. 3. In the tropics, west coasts are wetter than east coasts. 4. Precipitation is abundant in middle latitudes.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) 1 and 2 only

D) 3 and 4 only

•  1. Condensation 2. High temperature and humidity 3. Orography 4. Vertical wind
Thunder cloud development is due to which of these phenomena?

A) 1 and 2

B) 2, 3 and 4

C) 1, 3 and 4

D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

•  1. Meeting of cumulonimbus clouds in the sky 2. Lightning that separates the nimbus clouds 3. Violent upward movement of air and water particles
Select the correct answer using the codes given below

A) 1 only

B) 2 and 3

C) 1 and 3

D) None of the above produces the thunder

•  1. Equatorial region???? Rainfall throughout the year 2. Monsoon region????? Rainfall mainly in summer season 3. Mediterranean region? Rainfall mainly in winter season
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) 1 and 2 only

D) 1, 2 and 3

• A) Massive and thick

B) Has homogeneous temperature and humidity

C) Has specific source regions

D) Moves rapidly from the source region Which of the above statements is not correct?

•  (1) Stable air mass (2) Unstable air mass (3) Warm air mass (4) Cool air mass

A) 2 and 3

B) 1 and 2

C) 1 and 4

D) 3 and 4

•  List I (Air mass) List II (Property) A. Maritime Polar?????? 1. Cool dry B. Continent Polar????? 2. Cool moist C. Maritime Tropical??? 3. Warm moist D. Continental Tropical 4. Warm dry

A) A-4, B-3, C-1, D-2

B) A-2, B-1, C-3, D-4

C) A-3, B-4, C-2, D-1

D) A-1, B-2, C-4, D-3

•  1. Sloping boundary surface between contrasting air masses is called a front. 2. A warm front pushes the cold front above and the cold front loses contact with the ground.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. A given air mass has homogeneity of temperature and humidity. 2. Air masses originate from particular regions known as source regions. 3. Air masses are influenced by the weather of area visited by them.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 and 2 only

B) 2 and 3 only

C) 1 and 3 only

D) 1, 2 and 3

•  1. They originate from well-defined source regions and acquire their basic properties from these regions. 2. The properties of air masses remain the same even if they move from one region to another region.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. A front is formed when air masses with different characteristics meet each other. 2. A front is a sharp boundary between two air masses. 3. A front formed between polar and tropical air masses is known as polar front.

A) 1 and 2

B) 2 and 3

C) 1 and 3

D) 1, 2 and 3

•  1. Cold front has a sleeper slope than warm front. 2. Weather along a warm front changes more quickly than along cold front.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

• A) Polar Maritime

B) Polar Continental

C) Tropical Maritime

D) Tropical Continental

• A) Low pressure surrounded by high pressure on all sides.

B) High pressure surrounded by low pressure on all sides.

C) Subsidence of air.

D) Divergence of air. Which of the above statements is correct?

•  I. Low pressure II. Convergent air III. Change in wind direction due to Coriolis force IV. Ascending air at the centre

A) I and II

B) I, II and III

C) I, II and IV

D) I, II, III and IV

• A) They originate in temperate lands.

B) Their origin is best explained by the Polar Front Theory of Bjerknes.

C) They are of smaller size than the tropical cyclones.

D) Their arrival is indicated by rise in temperature and fall in atmospheric pressure.

•  1. A temperate cyclone is formed when a cold air mass meets a warm air mass. 2. Before the arrival of the temperate cyclone, the sun looks paler and there is lunar halo. 3. The arrival of a temperate cyclone is indicated by rise in temperature.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) 1 and 2 only

D) 1, 2 and 3

• A) North Atlantic Ocean

B) North Pacific Ocean

C) Mediterranean Sea

D) Caribbean Sea

• A) Fogginess and poor visibility

B) Unsettled weather

C) Movement from west to east

D) Torrential rainfall

•  1. In a temperate cyclone, warm air sector is surrounded by cold air sector. 2. A fully grown temperate cyclone is circular in slope.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 3

•  1. Most of the tropical cyclones are circular in shape. 2. Most of the tropical cyclones originate on the western margins of the oceans. 3.? The release of latent heat helps in the rotation of tropical cyclone. 4. The highest velocity of winds is observed in the eye of the cyclone'.

A) 1, 2 and 3 only

B) 2, 3 and 4 only

C) 1, 2 and 4 only

D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

• A) The summer temperature never exceeds ${{25}^{o}}C$ between ${{10}^{o}}$ and ${{20}^{o}}S$ latitude.

B) The Coriolis Effect is weak.

C) There develops a high pressure area-on the western side of the South Atlantic.

D) The width of the ocean is not adequate enough for the development of cyclones.

• A) Large sea surface with temperature more than ${{27}^{o}}C$.

B) Pressure of coriol is force.

C) A pre-existing low pressure area.

D) Upper convergence above the sea level system.

•  List I List II A. Hurricanes?????? 1.? Coast of Florida B. Typhoons??????? 2.? Australia C. Willy-willies???? 3.? China D. Tornadoes?????? 4.? U.S.A.

A) 1 and 2 only

B) 2 and 3 only

C) 3 and 4 only

D) 1 and 4 only

• A) Type of tree grown in temperate regions.

B) Wind that blows in a desert.

C) Tropical cyclone of north-west Australia.

D) Kind of common fish found near Lakshadweep islands.

•  1. Tropical cyclones which hit the Florida coast are known as hurricanes. 2. Hurricanes cause large scale destruction in the area influenced by them. 3. Hurricanes contribute to the precipitation of the respective area. 4. Hurricanes flush out the pollutants from the water bodies.
Which of the above statements are correct?

A) 1, 2 and 3 only

B) 2, 3 and 4 only

C) 1, 2, 3 and 4

D) 1, 3 and 4 only

•  1. A tornado is a strong wind system fanned around an intensely low pressure system. 2. A tornado has a large diameter and is very destructive
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

• A) High pressure area surrounded by low pressure area.

B) Circular movement of air from centre to peripherals.

C) Direction of air is anticyclone.

D) They are mainly formed over the continents.

•  Assertion (A): Anti cyclonic conditions are found in winter season when atmospheric pressure is high and air temperatures are low. Reason (R): Winter rainfall in northern India causes development of anti-cyclonic conditions with low temperatures.

A) Both A and R is true and R is the correct explanation of A

B) Both A and R is true but R is not a correct explanation of A

C) A is true but R is false.

D) A is false but R is true.

•  Month Temperature ${{\mathbf{(}}^{\mathbf{o}}}\mathbf{C)}$ Rainfall (cm) January 3.9 4.7 February 4.4 5.7 March 8.3 8.2 April 14.4 9.2 May 20.0 9.2 June 23.3 17.7 July 27.8 14:5 August 27.8 14.0 September 22.3 12.7 October 18.3 7.0 November 12.2 5.0 December 6.7 3.5
These are most likely to be found in the natural region of

A) China type

B) Equatorial type

C) Hot desert type

D) Monsoon type

•  Month Temperature ${{(}^{\mathbf{o}}}\mathbf{C})$ Rainfall (cm) January 6.7 14.0 February 6.7 13.2 March 7.2 11.4 April 8.9 9.4 May 11.1 8.1 June 13.9 8.1 July 15.0 9.6 August 15.0 12.2 September 13.9 10.4 October 11.1 14.4 November 8.9 14.0 December 7.8 16.8
The climate to which this data pertains is

A) St Lawrence type

B) China type

C) West European type

D) Mediterranean type

•  1. In equatorial regions the year is divided into four main seasons. 2. In Mediterranean region, summers receive more rainfall. 3. In China type climate, rainfall occurs throughout the year. 4. Tropical highlands exhibit vertical zonation of different climates.
Which of these statements are correct?

A) 1, 2, 3 and 4

B) 1, 2 and 3 only

C) 1, 2 and 4 only

D) 3 and 4 only

•  1. Koppen believed that vegetation of an area is the best expression of totality of a climate. 2. Koppen's classification is based on the precipitation.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

• A) A, B, C, D. E, F

B) A, B, C, E, H

C) A, B, C, E, H, W, T

D) A, B, C, D, E, H, S, W, T

•  1. In Koppen's classification of world climates, 'B' climate is based on precipitation while 'A' climate is based on rainfall. 2. 'C' climate has temperature above ${{18}^{o}}C$ throughout the year.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

• A) Tropical rainfall

B) Tropical monsoon

C) Tropical desert

D) Tropical steppe

• A) Af

B) Am

C) Aw

D) None of these

• A) 'B' climates are based on the amount of rainfall.

B) 'A' climate has no month with temperature below ${{18}^{o}}C$

C) 'E' climates have average temperature of the warmest month above ${{10}^{o}}C$

D) 'BW' represents desert climate.

•  List I List II A. Af????? 1. Winter dry and very severe B. Aw???? 2. Dry hot summer, mild rainy winter C. Cs????? 3. Winter dry season D. Dw???? 4. No dry season

A) A-4, B-2, C-1, D-3

B) A-4, B-1, C-3, D-2

C) A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4

D) A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1

•  List I (Climate) List II (Area) A. Dfc??????????? 1. Canada B. BWh?????????? 2. Sahara C. Af???????????? 3. Amazon Basin D. EF???????????? 4. Greenland??

A) A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4

B) A-2, B-3, C-4, D-1

C) A-4, B-2, C-1, D-3

D) A-3, B-4, C-2, D-1

• A) Aw = Savanna

B) BW = Desert

C) Cs = Warm rainy with dry winter

D) Df= Cold climate with human winter and no dry season

•  1. Thom thwart?s classification of climate attempts to define the climate boundaries quantitatively. 2. Thom thwarts used precipitation and temperature to demarcate climate boundaries.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

• A) Humidity zone A = Rainforest

B) Humidity zone B = Grassland

C) Humidity zone D = Steppe

D) Humidity zone E = Desert'

• A)

 List I (Temperature Province) List II (Climate) D'??????????????????????? 1.? Taiga

B)

 List I (Temperature Province) List II (Climate) ?F' ??????????????????????? 2.? Frost

C)

 List I (Temperature Province) List II (Climate) ?E'??????????????????? 3. Tundra

D)

 List I (Temperature Province) List II (Climate) ?B '?????????????????????? 4. Tropical

• A) Equatorial climate

B) Mediterranean climate

C) Monsoon climate

D) All of the above climates