# UPSC Geography Interior of the earth Question Bank

### done Universe and Our Planet Earth

• A) Earth and Jupiter

B) Jupiter and Saturn

C) Saturn and Earth

D) Saturn and Neptune

• A) Jupiter

B) Mars

C) Saturn

D) Venus

• A) The earth is the densest of all the planets in our solar system

B) The predominant element in the composition of earth is silicon

C) The sun contains 75 percent of the mass of the solar system

D) The diameter of the sun is 190 times that of the earth

• A) meteors

B) comets

C) meteorites

D) asteroids

• A) 06.30hrs

B) 05.30hrs

C) 18.30hrs

D) 17.30hrs

• A) Year

B) Month

C) Season

D) Week

• A) a rapidly moving star

B) a piece of mater which has entered the earth's atmosphere from outer space

C) part of a constellation

D) a comet without a tail

• A) at the start of a total solar eclipse

B) at the end of a total solar eclipse

C) only along the peripheral regions of the totality trail

D) only in the central regions of the totality trail

• A)  Sun-dial

B)  Sunshine recorder

C)  Campbell - Stoke's recorder

D)  All of the above

• A)  Revolving

B)  at an angle of $25{}^\circ$

C)  cold

D)  beneath the Sun

• A) The diagram represents a lunar eclipse, A is the earth and B is the moon and B the earth

B) The diagram represents a solar eclipse, A is the earth and B is the moon

C) The diagram represents a lunar eclipse, A is the earth and B is the moon

D) The diagram represents a total solar eclipse

• A) 12.5 minutes

B) 7 minutes 40 seconds

C) 1 hour 42 minutes

D) There is no maximum duration

• A)  Mercury

B)  Venus

C)  Mars

D)  Jupiter

• A) Equator is a great circle.

B) A ship can save fuel and time by following the great circle arc between two points.

C) Only one great circle can be drawn on a sphere.

D) A great circle results when a plane passes through the centre of a sphere.

• A) The size of the shadow of the moon on the earth is small as compared to the cross section of the earth

B) The earth is not smooth flat surface, but has elevations and depressions

C) The trajectories of the earth around the sun and the moon around the earth are not perfect circles

D) Sun rays can reach most of the peripheral regions of shadow of the moon due to atmospheric refraction

• A)  The sun can come overhead at both these places

B)  The sun will never come overhead at either of these places

C)  At Mumbai the sun can come overhead, but it will never do so at Delhi

D)  At Delhi, the sun can come overhead but it will never do so at Mumbai

• A) the period in which the moon completes an orbit around the Earth.

B) the period in which the moon completes an orbit around the Earth and returns to the same position in the sky.

C) the period of rotation of moon

D) None of these

• A) the property of the continental and oceanic crust, that they have the ability to rise and sink.

B) due to which crust floats on top of the mantle like ice cubes in water.

C) the phenomenon when the earth's crust gains weight due to mountain building or glaciation, it deforms and sink deeper into the mantle.

D) All are correct

• A) of relatively higher water content

B) of relatively higher gases content

C) of relatively lower water content

D) of relatively lower gases content

• A) If the earth were flat one would come across some sharp edges

B) The sunrise is not visible from all places at the same time

C) The shadow of the earth at the time of the solar eclipse is circular

D) The altitude of the stars from various points on the earth's surface varies

• A) Earth and the Sun

B) Earth and the Moon

C) Jupiter and the Sun

D) Pluto and the Sun

• A) mass and weight become lesser

B) mass remains constant and only the weight is lesser

C) only the mass is lesser

D) mass and weight both remain unchanged

• A) it is smaller than the earth.

B) it revolves on its axis in a direction opposite to that of the earth.

C) it takes equal time for both revolution around the earth and rotation on its own axis.

D) it rotates at the same speed as the earth around the sun.

• A) In the tropical zone

B) In warm temperate regions

C) In the Arctic and Antarctic regions

D) Anywhere at the time of solar eclipse

• A) continental drift theory

B) tetrahedral theory

C) Kant's theory

D) Ritter's theory

• A) $17{}^\circ 30'$ E

B)  $7{}^\circ 30'$ W

C) $172{}^\circ 30'$ E

D) $90{}^\circ$ W

• A) 4:30 pm of the same day

B) 4:30 pm of the previous day

C) 6:30 pm of the same day

D) 6:30 pm of the previous day

• A) autumnal equinox, vernal equinox, summer solstice, winter solstice

B) vernal equinox, summer solstice, autumnal equinox,

C) summer solstice, vernal equinox, winter solstice, autumnal equinox

D) winter solstice, summer solstice, autumnal equinox, vernal equinox

• A) $75{}^\circ$ West and $30{}^\circ$ East

B) $70{}^\circ$ East and $35{}^\circ$ West

C) $30{}^\circ$ East and $75{}^\circ$ West

D) $35{}^\circ$ West and $70{}^\circ$ East

• A) 12.00 noon

B) 1.00pm

C) 2.00 pm

D) Different time at different places

• A) Lunar year

B) Solar year

C) Tropical year

D) Sidereal year

• A) Seduction of Pacific plate under Asiatic plate

B) Seduction of African plate below European plate

C) Seduction of Indian plate under Asiatic plate

D) Seduction of American plate under the Pacific plate

• A)  permit certain land areas and groups of islands to have the same calendar day

B)  facilitate the sailors to adjust time in their watch

C)  adjust the day in calendar while sailing from east to west and vice versa

D)  make $180{}^\circ$ E $180{}^\circ$ W coterminous

• A) Centre of the Earth

B) Equator

C) Tropic of Cancer or Capricorn

D) Poles

• A) June Midday Sun overhead at Tropic of Cancer

B) December Midday Sun overhead at Tropic of Capricorn

C) March Midday Sun overhead on Equator

D) September Midday Sun overhead at Arctic Circle

• A) Distance from the earth

B) Distance from the sun

C) Temperature

D) Luminosity

• A) Milky way

B) Constellation

C) Andromeda

D) Solar system

• A) Ganymede

B) Titan

C) Europa

D) Triton

• A) C.V. Raman

B) H.J. Bhabha

C) S. Chandrashekhar

D) H. Khurana

• A) 364 thousand kms.

B) 300 thousand kms.

C) 350 thousand kms.

D) 446 thousand kms.

• A) Mercury

B) Venus

C) Earth

D) Mars

• A) 4200km

B) 6400km

C) 3400km

D) 12800km

• A) 23 hr 52 min 4 sec

B) 23 hr 56 min 4 sec

C) 24 hr 53 min 2 sec

D) 24 hr 12 min 6 sec

• A) when two full moons occur in the same month.

B) when two full moons appear in the same month thrice in a calendar year.

C) when four full moons appear in two consecutive months of the same calendar year.

D) None of the above

• A) Obstructed all light from the Sun.

B) Is black in colour.

C) Was invisible due to bright rays from the Sun.

D) Behaved as a black hole during its transit.

• A) $6,000{}^\circ$ Celsius

B) $5,000{}^\circ$ Celsius

C) $4,000{}^\circ$ Celsius

D)  None of these

• A) Cislunar

B) Fulalunar

C) Nebula

D) None of these

• A) Protostar

B) Dog Star

C) Red Giant

D) White Dwarf

• A) Nuclear fission

B) lonisation

C) Nuclear fusion

D) Oxidation

• A) Atmospheric composition

B) Thermal conditions

C) Occurrence of ice cap and frozen water

D) Occurrence of ozone

• A) When moon lies between earth and sun

B) When earth lies between sun and moon

C) When sun lies between earth and moon

D) None of these

• A) ${{23}^{{1}/{2}\;}}$

B) ${{66}^{{1}/{2}\;}}$

C) ${{24}^{{1}/{2}\;}}$

D) ${{69}^{{1}/{2}\;}}$

• A) Hydrogen

B) Oxygen

C) Nitrogen

D) Helium

• A) Sea of tranquility

B) Ocean of storms

C) Area of storms

D) None of these

• A) the earth's rotation on its axis

B) the earth's revolution round the sun in an elliptical manner

C) latitudinal position of the place

D) revolution of the earth on a tilted axis.

• A) Tectonic plates are composed of Oceanic lithosphere and thicker Continental lithosphere

B) Tectonic plates are able to move because the Earth's lithosphere has a higher strength than the underlying asthenosphere

C) The Earth's lithosphere is broken up into Tectonic Plates

D) Along divergent plate boundaries, subduction carries plates into the mantle

• A) early morning and late evening

B) early morning only

C) noon

D) late evening only

• A) Difference is least near the Equator and progressively increases away from it

B) Difference is maximum at the Equator and progressively decreases away from it

C) Difference is least at the Tropics and progressively increases towards the Equator and Poles

D) Difference is maximum at the Tropics and progressively decreases towards the Equator and Poles

• A) Stalagmite

B) Lapis

C) Sinkhole

D) Cave

• A) The Earth's rotation on its axis

B) Convergence of the two equatorial currents

C) Difference in salinity of water

D) Occurrence of the belt of calm near the equator

•  1. It will make mineral prospecting and oil exploration easier and cheaper. 2. It will help probe the possibility of the existence of stars and galaxies made of anti-matter. 3. It will help understand the evolution of the universe.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

A) 1 only

B) 2 and 3

C) 3 only

D) 1, 2 and 3

•  1. plate subduction zones 2. trans form faults 3. island arcs 4. mid-oceanic ridges

A) 1 and 2

B) 1 only

C) 1 and 4

D) All of the above

•  1. Detection of microwaves in space. 2. Observation of redshift phenomenon in space. 3. Movement of asteroids in space. 4. Occurrence of supernova explosions in space.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

A) 1 and 2

B) 2 only

C) 1, 3 and 4

D) None of the above can be cited as evidence

• A) Rigel Kentaurus

B) Betelgeux

C) Dog Star (Sirius)

D) Eta Carinae

• A) Earth

B) Jupiter

C) Mars

D) Neptune

•  1. Landslides and mudflows 2. Glacier surges 3. Tsunamis causing damage and shoreline changes
Select the correct answer from the codes given below.

A) 1, 2 and 3

B) 3 only

C) 1 and 2

D) 1 and 3

•  1. All stars and planets in the universe shine by the reflected light of the sun. 2. Sun is believed to be formed of condensation of gases, 3. The sun has a surface temperature of about Illion ${}^\circ$C. 4. Sun is about 30,000 times as big as the earth.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below.

A) 2 only

B) 1 and 2

C) 3 and 4

D) 2 and 3

• A) 1, 3 and 4

B) 2 and 4

C) 3 and 4

D) 2, 3 and 4

•  1. deflection of winds and ocean currents. 2. differences in time between places on different meridians. 3. varying lengths of day and night at different times of the year. 4. changes in the altitude of the mid-day sun at different times of the year.

A) 2, 3 and 4

B) 1 and 4

C) 3 and 4

D) 1, 2 and 3

•  1. Their tops are often buried beneath snow and ice. They form rugged peaks. 2. They are caused by contraction of the earth?s crust. 3. They contain a core composed of metamorphic and igneous rocks.

A) 1, 3 and 4

B) 2, 3 and 4

C) 1 and 2

D) 1 and 4

•  1. new moon 2. first quarter of the moon 3. third quarter of the moon 4. full moon

A) 1,2 and 4

B) 2, 3 and 4

C) 1 and 4

D) 2 and 3

•  1. Uranus 2. Jupiter 3. Saturn 4. Mars

A) 2, 3, 1, 4

B) 4, 2, 3, 1

C) 2, 3, 4, 1

D) 3, 2, 1, 4

•  1. Cuba 2. Greece 3. Iraq 4. Costa Rica 5. Japan
Which one of the following sequential orders gives the correct arrangement of the countries according to their standard time from ahead to behind GMT?

A) 5, 3, 2, 1, 4

B) 2, 4, 1, 3, 5

C) 4, 1, 3, 2, 5

D) 3, 5, 4, 1, 2

•  1. As a rock, graphite is formed from coal by thermal metamorphism. 2. Gypsum is an example of sedimentary rock.
Which of these statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. Mechanical weathering takes place only in sedimentary rocks. 2. The rain-water reacts with rocks to form new chemical substances
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. They are concentric circles numbered from 0${}^\circ$ to 90${}^\circ$. 2. They are circles on a globe which are parallel to the Equator and which are to the North and South of the Equator.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

• A)  1 only

B)  2 only

C)  Both 1 and 2

D)  Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. The tropical year is shorter than the sidereal year. 2. The solar day is longer than the sidereal day.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. Intense volcanic activity in the form of fissure eruption took place towards the end of Cretaceous period. 2. The volcanic lava spread out in horizontal sheets. 3. The regur soil found here is rich in nitrogen.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below

A) 1 and 2

B) 1,2 and 3

C) 3 only

D) 1 only

•  1. The major constituent mineral of granite rock is quartz. 2. The major constituent mineral of sandstone rock is feldspar. 3. The major constituent mineral of limestone rock is dolomite.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A)  1, 2 and 3

B)  3 only

C)  1 and 2

D)  2 and 3

•  1. Apparent movement of the Sun, the Moon and the Stars. 2. Flatness of the poles and bulge at the equator. 3. Occurrence of sunrise, noon and sunset. 4. Magnetic field of the Earth.
Select the correct answer by using the codes given below:

A) 1 and 2 only

B) 1 and 3 only

C) 2 and 3 only

D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

•  1. Our solar system is located in the orion arm of the Milky way galaxy, about two-third of the way out from the centre. 2. The solar system formed from an interstellar cloud of dust and gas or nebulla about 4.6 billion years ago.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. Electromagnetic radiation 2. Geothermal energy 3. Gravitational force 4. Plate movements 5. Rotation of the earth
Which of the above are responsible for bringing dynamic changes on the surface of the earth?

A) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only

B) 1, 3, 5 and 6 only

C) 2, 4, 5 and 6 only

D) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6

•  1. Continental drift 2. Glacial cycles
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. Earthquake wave 2. Volcano 3. Gravitational force 4. Earth magnetism
Select the correct answer using the codes given below

A) 1 and 2

B) Only 2

C) 3 and 4

D) All of these

• A) Both the statements are individually true and Statement II is the correct explanation of Statement I

B) Both the statements are individually true but Statement II is not the correct explanation of Statement I

C) Statement I is true but Statement II is false

D) Statement I is false but Statement II is true

•  1. Meanders 2. Falls 3. Delta 4. Oxbow Lake
Select the correct answer using the code given below: [a] 2 - 1 - 3 - 4 [b] 2 - 1 - 4 - 3 [c] 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 [d] 1 - 4 - 2 - 3

A) I only

B) I and 2 only

C) 2 and 3 only

D) 1,2 and 3

•  List I (Special (Characteristic) List II (Name of planet) [a] Smallest planet of the solar system (1) Mercury [b] Largest planet of the solar system (2) Venus [c] Planet second from the Sun in the solar system (3) Jupiter [d] Planet nearest to the Sun (4) Pluto (5) Saturn

A) A-2; B-3; C-5; D-1

B) A-3; B-5; C-1; D-2

C) A-4; B-1; C-2; D-3

D) A-4; B-3; C-2; D-1

•  List I List H [a] Piedmont plateau (1) Antrim plateau [b] Continental plateau (2) Potwas plateau [c] Inter montane lateau (3) Bolivia plateau [d] Lava plateau (4) Patagonia plateau

A) A-4; B-1; C-3; D-2

B) A-3; B-1; C-4; D-2

C) A-3; B-2; C-4; D-1

D) A-4; B-2; C-3; D-1

•  List-I (Volcanoes of the world) List-II (Countries) Catapoxi (1) Indonesia Kilimanjaro (2) Kenya Visuvius (3) Japan Krakatau (4) Italy (5) Canada

A) A-3; B-1; C-4; D-2

B) A-5; B-2; C-3; D-1

C) A-3; B-2; C-4; D-1

D) A-5; B-1; C-3; D-2

•  List-1(Volcano) List-11 (Country) Semeru (1) Indonesia Cotopaxi (2) Equador Etna (3) Italy Kilimanjaro (4) Kenya (5) India

A) A-1; B-2; C-3; D-4

B) A-3: B-4; C-5; D-2

C) A-1; B-4; C-3; D-2

D) A-3; B-2; C-5; D-4

•  List I (Phenomenon) List II (Date) A. Summer solstice 1. 21st June B. Winter solstice 2. 22nd December C. Vernal Equinox 3. 23rd September D. Autumnal 4. 21st March Equinox
Code:

A) A-1 B-4 C-2 D- 3

B) A-1 B-2 C-4 D-3

C) A-3 B-2 C-4 D-1

D) A-3 B-4 C-2 D-1