# UPSC Geography The Earth and the Solar System Question Bank

### done The Solar System, The Earth and The Moon

•  1. Mercury : Jovian planet 2. Venus : Duration of day longer than that of year 3. Saturn : A planet having density less than that of water
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

A) 1 only

B) 2 and 3 only

C) 1 and 3 only

D) 1, 2 and 3

•  1. Uranus has retrograde rotation and has sunrise in the west and not in the east as we have on the earth. 2. Neptune has the largest diurnal range of temperature.
Which of the above statement (s) is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. Venus is named after the Roman Goddess of beauty. 2. Mars is named after the Roman God of war. 3. Neptune is known as lopsided planet.
Which of the above statements (s) is/are correct?

A) ?1 only?????????? ??????????????

B) ?1 and 2 only

C) ?2 and 3 only????

D) ?1,2 and 3

•  Planet Satellite 1. Mars Titan 2. Uranus Titania 3. Neptune Triton
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

A) ?1 only?????????? ??????????????

B) ?2 and 3 only

C) ?1 and 2 only????

D) ?1,2 and 3

•  Planet Chief characteristic feature 1. Saturn King of Planets 2. Jupiter Planet with Great Red spot in its atmosphere 3. Mercury Slowest rotating planet

A) ?1 only?????????? ??????????????

B) ?2 only

C) ?1 and 2????????? ?

D) ?2 and 3

•  (i) does not have sufficient mass. (ii) has not cleared the neighbour around its orbit.

A) ?Statement I is correct.

B) ?Statement II is correct.

C) ?Both statements I and II are correct.

D) ?Neither statement I nor II is correct.

•  1. Astronomical unit is the average distance between the earth and the sun. 2. Neptune is over 30 astronomical units away from the sun.
Which of the following statements is/are correct?

A) 1 only??????????? ??

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2????

D) ?Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. Earth looks as blue sphere. 2. Mars looks as red planet. 3. Neptune has rings.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) ?1 only?????????? ??????????????

B) ?2 only

C) ?1 and 2????????? ?

D) ?2 and 3

•  1. A galaxy is a huge mass of stars, nebulae and interstellar material. 2. The sun situated at the centre of the Milky Way and all the planets revolve around the sun.
Which of the above mentioned statements is/are correct?

A) ?1 only?????????? ??????????????

B) ?2 only

C) ?Both 1 and 2???? ???????????

D) ?Neither 1 nor 2

•  Satellite Name of the discoverer 1. Europa? Galileo 2. Titan?? Christaan Huygens 3. Titania?? William Herschel
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

A) ?1 only?????????? ??????????????

B) ?1 and 2 only

C) ?2 and 3 only????

D) ?1, 2 and 3

•  Spacecraft??????? Purpose 1. Cassini-Huygens Orbiting the Venus and transmitting data to the earth 2. Messenger Mapping and investigating the planet Mercury 3. Voyager 1 and 2 Exploring the outer solar system
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

A) ?1 only?????????? ??????????????

B) ?2 and 3 only

C) ?1 and 3 only????

D) ?1,2 and 3

•  1. Between the Sun and the Earth. 2. Between Mars and Jupiter. 3. It surrounds the orbital path of the Neptune
Which statement(s) about the position of the asteroid belt is/are correct?

A) ?1 and 2 only????

B) ?2 and 3 only

C) ?1 only?????????? ??????????????

D) ?2 only

• A) ?A rapidly moving star

B) ?A piece of matter which has entered the earth's atmosphere from outer space

C) ?Part of a constellation

D) ?A comet without tail

•  1. They revolve around the sun along a circular orbit. 2. The tail of the comet always points towards the sun during its revolution due to sun's gravitational force. 3. Halley's comet completes one revolution around the sun in 76 years. 4. The next appearance of the Halley's comet near the earth will be in the year 2061.
Which of the above statement (s) is/are correct?

A) ?1 only?????????? ??????????????

B) ?2 and 3 only

C) ?3 and 4 only????

D) ?1, 2, 3 and 4

•  1. Asteroids are rocky debris of varying sizes orbiting the sun. 2. Most of the asteroids are small but some have diameter as large as 1000 km. 3. The orbit of asteroids lies between orbits of Jupiter and Saturn.
Which of these statements is/are correct?

A) ?1,2 and 3??????? ?

B) ?2 and 3

C) ?1 and 2????????? ?

D) ?1 and 3

• A) ?very small size?? ???????????

B) ?very large size

C) ?very high density ??????????

D) ?very low density Which of the above statements is correct?

• A) ?The Earth is the densest of all the planets in our solar system

B) ?The predominant element in the composition of the Earth is silicon.

C) ?The Sun contains 75 percent of the mass of the solar system

D) ?The diameter of the Sun is 190 times that of the Earth.

•  1. Buffon was the first scientist to give a scientific explanation regarding the origin of the earth and solar system in 1754. 2. Button's concept is related to Parental Hypothesis. 3. According to Buffon, origin of the solar system is the result of an accident between the Sun and a huge comet which collided with the Sun.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) ?1 only??????????? ?

B) ?2 only

C) ?1 and 2 only????

D) ?2 and 3 only

• A) ?Kant's hypothesis regarding the origin of the solar system was based on Newton's laws of gravitation

B) ?This is known as gaseous hypothesis

C) ?He assumed that in the beginning primordial matter was scattered in the space

D) ?His hypothesis is in accordance with the law of Conservation of Angular Momentum Which of the above statements is wrong?

• A) ?Laplace's hypothesis of origin of the earth is just a modified form of Kant's Gaseous hypothesis.

B) ?Laplace assumed that the primordial matter of the space was initially hot and rotating gaseous nebula.

C) ?Planets were formed from a ring separated from the nebula due to centrifugal force.

D) ?The angular momentum of the sun and the planets is in proportion to their masses.

•  1. It is a parental hypothesis in which our sun along with another star was responsible for formation of the solar system 2. Sun was much larger than the approaching star 3. The tidal matter ejected from the sun assumed the shape of a cigar. 4. The sun was a mass of cold gas which helped in the formation of a tide.

A) ?1 only?????????? ??????????????

B) ?1 and 3 only

C) ?1, 2 and 3 only?? ??????????

D) ?1, 2, 3 and 4

•  A. Laplace?????????? 1. Tidal Hypothesis B. Hubble?????????? 2. Nebular Hypothesis C. Jeans and Jeffrey? 3. Gaseous Hypothesis D. Kant???????????? 4. Big Bang Theory

A) ?A-2????? B-4?????? C-1?????? D-3

B) A-1 ????? B-4 ????? C-2 ????? D-3

C) A-2 ????? B-3 ????? C-1 ????? D-4

D) A-4 ????? B-3 ????? C-2 ????? D-1

• A) ?Everything in the universe emerged from a point known as singularity.

B) ?This happened about 13.7 billion years ago.

C) ?Clouds formed clusters of galaxies.

D) ?The universe is contracting.

•  1. Electromagnetic Aefuen Hypothesis 2. Interstellar ??? Otto Schmidt Hypothesis????? 3. Tidal Hypothesis? ? Roche 4. Binary Star ???????? Weitzsacker Hypothesis????

A) ?1 and 2???????? ??????????????

B) ?2 and 3

C) ?3 and 4???????? ??????????????

D) ?4 and 1

• A) ?They start from equator and run parallel to it.

B) ?All parallels are equal in length.

C) ?A line joining places of equal latitude is known as parallel of latitude.

D) ?All parallels are drawn as circles on the globe.

• A) ?Are distance towards east or west of the Prime Meridian

B) ?The angular distance east or west of the Greenwich Meridian.

C) ?Position of a place with reference to Greenwich Meridian.

D) ?Imaginary line joining North Pole with South Pole.

•  A. Antarctic Circle?????? 1.$23{{{\scriptstyle{}^{1}/{}_{2}}}^{o}}$ north B. Tropic of Cancer???? 2.$23{{{\scriptstyle{}^{1}/{}_{2}}}^{o}}$south C. Tropic of Capricorn?? 3. $66{{{\scriptstyle{}^{1}/{}_{2}}}^{o}}$north D. Arctic Circle???????? 4. $66{{{\scriptstyle{}^{1}/{}_{2}}}^{o}}$south

A) A-1?????? B-2?????? C-3?????? D-4

B) A-4?????? B-1?????? C-2?????? D-3

C) ?A-4????? B-3?????? C-2?????? D-1

D) ?A-3????? B-2?????? C-1?????? D-4

• A) ?Great circle represents the longest distance on the surface of the earth.

B) ?All parallels are great circles.

C) ?It is possible to draw infinite number of great circles on the sphere.

D) ?Great circles are not useful for the navigators.

• A) ?Equator???????? ??

B) ?Tropic of Cancer

C) ?Arctic Circle????

D) ?North Pole

•  Longitude????????? Local Time 1.$82{{{\scriptstyle{}^{1}/{}_{2}}}^{o}}E$?? 5.30PM. 2. ${{15}^{o}}C$E?????????? 2.00PM. 3. ${{90}^{o}}C$W?????? 6.00AM. 4. ${{30}^{o}}C$W????????? 10.00AM.
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

A) ?1 and 2 only????

B) ?1,2 and 3 only

C) ?1,3 and 4 only?? ???????????

D) ?1, 2, 3 and 4

• A) ?${{17}^{o}}{{30}^{o}}E$

B) ?${{7}^{o}}{{30}^{o}}W$

C) ?${{172}^{o}}{{30}^{o}}E$

D) ${{90}^{o}}W$

• A) ?06.30 hrs??????? ?

B) ?05.30 hrs

C) ?18.30.hrs??????? ?

D) ?17.30 hrs

•  1. Cuba 2. Greece 3. Iraq 4. Costa Rica 5. Japan
Which one of the sequential orders gives the correct arrangement of the countries according to their standard time from ahead to behind GMT?

A) ?5, 3, 2, 1, 4?????

B) ?2, 4, 1, 3, 5

C) ?4, 1, 3, 2, 5????? ???????????

D) ?3, 5, 4, 1, 2

•  1. The position when the earth is nearest to Sun is known as aphelion 2. The position when the earth is farthest from the sun is known as perihelion 3. Solstice is the time when the sun is at its greatest distance from the equator and the Sun's says are vertical at one of the tropics
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) ?1 and 2????????? ?

B) ?2 only

C) ?3 only???? ????????????????????

D) ?1, 2 and 3??

• A) ?It is an imaginary line passing through the centre of the earth

B) ?It is an imaginary line joining north and south poles

C) ?It is inclined at an angle of $66{{{\scriptstyle{}^{1}/{}_{2}}}^{o}}$ to the plane of the elliptic.

D) ?It is inclined at an angle of $23{{{\scriptstyle{}^{1}/{}_{2}}}^{o}}$ from the line perpendicular to the plane of elliptic.

• A) ?It is maximum at the equator.

B) ?It is maximum at the poles.

C) ?It decreases away from the equator.

D) ?At ${{60}^{o}}$ latitudes, it is half of the speed at the equator.

•  A. Summer Solstice???? 1. March 21 B. Winter Solstice??? 2. September 23 C. Vernal Equinox????? 3. December 22 D. Autumnal Equinox?? 4. June 22

A) A-1?????? B-2?????? C-3?????? D-4

B) A-4?????? B-3?????? C-1?????? D-2

C) A-2?????? B-3?????? C-1?????? D-4

D) A-3?????? B-2?????? C-4?????? D-1

• A) ?Change of seasons.

B) ?Difference in local time at different longitudes.

C) ?Variation in length of day

D) ?Difference in altitude of the sun at different places in different seasons.

• A) ?Vertical sun at the equator.

B) ?Vertical sun at Tropic of Cancer or Tropic of Capricorn.

C) ?Vertical sun at Arctic Circle or Antarctic Circle.

D) ?Vertical sun at North Pole or South Pole.

• A) ?Revolution of the earth around the sun.

B) ?Rotation of the earth around its axis.

C) ?Inclination of the earth's axis on the plane of earth's orbit.

D) ?Varying distance of the earth from the sun.

B) ?Ranchi and Raipur

C) ?Gwalior and Bhopal

D) ?Bhopal and Ranchi

•  1. Seasons would not have occurred. 2. Length of days and nights would not have varied 3. Poles would not have day continuously for six months. 4. There would have been uniform distribution of temperature.
Which of the above statements are correct?

A) ?1 and 2 only????

B) ?1,2 and 3 only

C) ?1,2, 3 and 4????

D) ?1,3 and 4 only

•  1. Tropical Zone 2. North and South Temperate Zones 3. North and South Frigid Zones
Which of the above facts is/are correct?

A) ?1 only?????? ??????????????????

B) ?1 and 2 only

C) ?1,2, and 3?????? ?

D) ?2 and 3 only

•  1. Norway is known as the "land of midnight sun". 2. Japan is known as the "land of rising sun" 3. There are large scale seasonal variations in duration of the day at Singapore.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) ?1 only?????????? ??????????????

B) ?1 and 2 only

C) ?2 and 3 only????

D) ?1, 2 and 3

• A) ?India??????????? ???????????????

B) ?Australia

C) ?Uruguay???????? ?

D) ?Kenya

• A) ?Rotation of the earth

B) ?Revolution of the earth

C) ?Inclination of the earth's axis on its orbital plane

D) ?Elliptical shape of the earth's orbit

•  1. 21st March????? 2. 21st June 3. 23rd September 4. 22nd December

A) ?1 and 2????????? ?

B) ?2 and 3

C) ?1 and 3????????? ?

D) ?3 and 4

•  1. A is ${{45}^{o}}$ east of Greenwich 2. Longitude of A is${{45}^{o}}W$.

A) ?Only 1?????????? ??

B) ?Only 2

C) ?Only 1 and 2???? ???????????

D) ?Neither 1 or 2

• A) ?Vernal Equinox? ???????????

B) ?Autumnal Equinox

C) ?Summer Solstice ??????????

D) ?Winter Solstice

•  1. Prime Meridian is a straight line passing through Greenwich. 2. International dateline coincides with ${{180}^{o}}$ longitude but deviates to make allowance for contiguous lands.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) ?1 only?????????? ??????????????

B) ?2 only

C) ?Both 1 and 2???? ???????????

D) ?Neither 1 nor 2

•  1. Difference in duration of days and nights increases from equator to poles according to the season. 2. Duration of day and nights at the equator changes with the change in season.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) ?1 only?????????? ??????????????

B) ?2 only

C) ?Both 1 and 2???? ???????????

D) ?Neither 1 nor 2

• A) ?22nd March (or 21 st March)

B) ?15th May (or 16th May)

C) ?31st March (or 30th March)

D) ?21st April (or 20th April)

•  1. Perigee?? Moon farthest from the earth 2. Apogee?? Moon nearest to the earth 3. Conjunction? Moon exactly between the earth and the sun
Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?

A) ?1 only?

B) ?2 only

C) ?3 only?????????? ??????????????

D) ?1,2 and 3

•  1. One revolution of moon around the earth is called sidereal month. 2. Moon's period of revolution with reference to sun is known as synoptic month.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) ?1 only?????????? ??????????????

B) ?2 only

C) ?Both 1 and 2???? ???????????

D) ?Neither 1 nor 2

• A) ?Its path of revolution around the earth is the same as that of the earth around the sun.

B) ?Its period of rotation is the same as that of the earth.

C) ?Its period of revolution around the earth is the same as its period of rotation around its own axis.

D) ?Its direction of rotation is the same as that of the earth.

•  I.? Only 50 per cent of the surface of the moon is visible at a given time. II. The remaining 50 per cent can be seen at different times.

A) ?Only I is true

B) ?Only II is true

C) ?Both I and II are true

D) ?Neither I and II is true

•  Assertion (A): The same face of the Moon is always present to the Earth. Reason (R): The Moon rotates about its own axis in 23 and half days which is about the same time that it takes to orbit the Earth.

A) ?Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

B) ?Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

C) ?A is true but R is false

D) ?A is false but R is true

•  I. Solar eclipse occurs when moon is exactly between the earth and the sun. II. Solar eclipse occurs when the earth is exactly between the sun and the moon.

A) ?Statement I is correct

B) ?Statement II is correct

C) ?Statement I and II are correct

D) ?Neither I nor II is correct

•  1. Moon is exactly between the earth and the sun. 2. Earth is exactly between the moon and the sun. 3. Sun and moon are located on the opposite sides of the earth. 4. Sun and earth are located on the opposite sides of the moon.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) ?1 and 2 only????

B) ?2 and 3 only

C) ?3 and 4 only????

D) ?1,2,3,4

• A) ?At the start of total solar eclipse.

B) ?At the end of total solar eclipse.

C) ?Only along the peripheral region of the totality trail.

D) ?Only in the central regions of the totality trail.

• A) ?partial?????????? ??????????????

B) ?total

C) ?annular????????? ??

D) ?none of the above