DNA fingerprinting is the technique to determine the relationship between two DNA samples by staying in similarity and dissimilarity of VNTRs (variable number tandem repeats). VNTR/repetitive DNA are distinguished as different peaks from bulk genomic DNA during density gradient centrifugation.
Its applications are: (a) It is used as a tool in forensic tests identify criminals. (b) It is used to settle paternity dispute. (c) It is used to identify racial group to study biological evolution.
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