|Direction: A principle principles and a fact situation are given in the following questions. Decide only on the basis of the principle.|
|Principle The Supreme Court shall to the exclusion of any other court, have original jurisdiction in any dispute.|
|(A) between the Government of India and one or more states or|
|(B) between the Government of India and any state or states on one side and one or more other states on the other or|
|(C) between two or more states if and in so far as the dispute involves any question (whether of law or fact) on which the existence or extent of a legal right depends|
|Facts State of Uttar Pradesh filed a suit against Union of India before sub-court Meerut for recovery of an amount of Rs 40000 with interest and cost as damages for delayed delivery of some articles by Indian Railways.|
A) Suit is not maintainable, since it is a dispute between the union and a state
B) Suit is maintain-able, since railway is not 'state'
C) Suit is maintainable, since it is dispute arising out of a contract between a carrier and consigned
D) Both 'a' and 'b'
Correct Answer: C
Solution :Article 31 tells about original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
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