|Consider the following statements in the context of art and architecture during Mauryan period.|
|1. Megasthenes explained the Mauryan capital palace at Pataliputra as magnificent and of high technical superiority.|
|2. In Pataliputra, capital of Ashoka, each pillar is made of single piece of sandstone and sculptures of tigers or elephant on the top of the pillars.|
|3. Caves were excavated by Mauryan artisans for monks to live in.|
|Which of the statements given above are correct?|
A) 1 and 2
B) 2 and 3
C) 1 and 3
D) All of these
Correct Answer: C
Solution :[c] Mauryan paid remarkable attention to art and architecture during their rein. Capital of Ashoka?Pataliputra, which has been discovered at Kumharar in Patna was considered by Megasthenes as splendid as capital of Iran. It approves of the high technical skills of artisans during that period. Each pillar in the capital was made of a single piece of sandstone which was buff-coloured. The top of each pillar was covered by sculptures of either lion or bull. They also started excavating caves for monks to live inside it. The most significant of such caves are Barabar caves near Gaya in Bihar. This cave architecture spread, later to Western and Southern part of India following the precedence.
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