|Which of the following statements regarding the National Human Rights Commission are correct?|
|1. NHRC is a constitutional body.|
|2. The Chairman of NHRC has to be a retired Chief Justice of India.|
|3. The Chairman and other members are appointed by the President on the basis of the recommendations of a committee consisting of Prime Minister, Speaker of Lok Sabha and Leader of the opposition in Lok Sabha.|
|4. The commission can inquire into any incident of violation of Human Rights suo motu [it means On its own).|
|5. The 'Human Rights' that the commission seeks to protect are those only which are part of the|
|Fundamental Rights in the Constitution.|
|Select the correct answer using the codes given below.|
A) 1, 2 and 3
B) 2 and 4
C) 3, 4 and 5
D) 1, 4 and 5
Correct Answer: B
Solution :[b] NHRC is not a constitutional body, but a statutory body. It was set up under the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. The Chairman of NHRC has to be a retired Chief Justice of India, while the other members should be a serving or retired judge of the Supreme Court, a serving or retired Chief Justice of the High Court and two persons having knowledge and special experience with regards to human rights. The Chairman and other members of the commission are appointed by a very large committee consisting of the Prime Minister as the head along with the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha, Leaders of the opposition in Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and the Home Minister. The commission is required to inquire into the violation of human rights or the negligence of a public servant in prevention of such violation either on the receipt of a petition or court order and even suo motu if required. The definition of 'Human Rights' that the commission seeks to protect are the rights relating to the life, liberty, dignity and equality of the individual, which are guaranteed in the Constitution or the rights embodied in any international covenants which are enforceable by law in India. Thus, we can see that the only correct Statements are 2 and 4 and the right answer is [b]..
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