UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-6

  • question_answer
    Consider the following statements regarding differences between the Chaityas and Viharas in context with Buddhist architecture.
    1. Chaityas were for the purpose of living, Viharas were assemblies for the purpose of discussions.
    2. Chaityas used to be made up of woods, Viharas used to be rock-cut caves.
    3. Chaityas were with stupas, Viharas did not have stupas.
    Which of the statements] given above is/are correct?

    A)  1 and 3           

    B)  2 and 3

    C)  Only 3             

    D)  All of these

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    [c] Please remember Chaitya\[\to \]Church, Vihara\[\to \]Monastery. Both early Chaityas and Viharas were made up of wood and later stone cut. So, we eliminate the second statement. Chaitya was a rectangular prayer hall with a stupa placed in the centre, the purpose was prayer. The Chaitya was divided Into three parts and had an apsidal ending, i.e. a semicircular rear and the central part of the hall (also called the nave) was separated from the two aisles by two rows of pillars. The Chaityas also had polished interior walls, semi/circular roofs and horseshoe-shaped windows called the Chaitya windows. Viharas were the residences of the monks.

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