UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-8

  • question_answer
    Consider the following statements about the Partition of Bengal.
    1. The two new provinces created out of United Bengal were West Bengal and Assam.
    2. The people greatly resented the Partition of Bengal in 1905, because it was an attempt to divide the people of   Bengal on communal lines.
    3. It was carried out on 16th October, 1905.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A)  1 and 2           

    B)  2 and 3

    C)  1 and 3           

    D)  All of these

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    [b] The two new provinces created out of United Bengal were 'Bengal' (comprising Western Bengal and province of Bihar and Odisha) and "East Bengal and Asom". The decision to effect the Partition of Bengal was announced in July 1905 by the viceroy of India, Lord Curzon. The partition took place on 16th October, 1905 and separated the largely Muslim eastern areas from the largely Hindu Western areas. Indians were outraged at what they recognised as a 'divide and rule' policy, where the colonisers turned the native population against itself in order to rule, even though Curzon stressed it would produce administrative efficiency. They partition animated the Hindus and led the Muslims to form their own national organisation on communal lines. Bengal was reunited in 1911 in an effort to both appease the Bengali sentiment and nave easier administration.

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