SSC Indian Polity and Civics Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-1

  • question_answer
    The main functions of the Election Commission include:
    I. To conduct elections to the Lok Sabha, Legislative Assemblies, offices of me President and Vice-President.
    II. To recognize various political parties, allot symbol and determine constituencies,
    III. To keep voters lists up to date all time,
    IV. It determines the code of conduct to be observed by the parties and the candidates at the time of election. Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

    A)  I and II

    B)  I, II and III

    C)  II, III and IV     

    D)  all of these

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    [d] The Election Commission shall have the power of superintendence, direction and conduct of all electrons to Parliament and the State Legislatures and of elections to the offices of the President and Vice-President. In this regard their main functions are as follows:
    (i) The preparation of electoral rolls before each general election and registration of all eligible voters.
    (ii) The delimitation of constituencies
    (iii) The recognition of various political parties and allotment of election symbols to these parties.
    (iv) Preparation of code of conduct for the political parties.
    (v) Keeping voters list up to date at all times.
    (vi) The preparation of roster for central broadcasts and telecasts by various political parties, etc.
    (vii) The conduct of polls.
    (viii) The Election Commissioner has not only the power of holding elections but also to cancel it and order re-poll of it if rigged. It is also the responsibility of the Election Commission to hold by-elections.
    (ix) To notify the dates and schedules of elections so that nomination papers are filled and properly scrutinized before the elections.
    (x) To request the President of India or the Governors of the States for requisitioning as much staff as necessary for conducting elections.
    (xi) Under the Peoples Representation Act the Election Commission also has the power to disqualify a candidature.

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