SSC Indian Polity and Civics Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-3

  • question_answer
    The Balwant Rai G Mehta team was set up in 1956 by the National Development Council for the purpose of

    A)  Suggesting measures for democratic decentralization

    B)  Reporting on the working of the village pancbayats at that time

    C)  Suggesting measures for better efficiency in the Implementation of the Community Development projects

    D)  Investigating the feasibility of setting up the new panchayat machinery

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    [c] The Balwant Rai Mehta committee was formed in 1956 with two main objectives ? To examine the working of Community Development Programme and National Extension Service ? To suggest improvements in the working of these schemes The BMC submitted its report in 1958. The democratic decentralization that was proposed by the committee went on to become the Panchayathi Raj institutions of present day. It was chaired by Balwant Rai Mehta Recommendations ? Three Tier Panchayati Raj: The committee recommended establishment of a 3-tier Panchayati Raj system for the administration of the country. It recommended a Gram Panchayat at village level, Panchayat Samiti at the Block level and a Zilla Parishad at the District Level ? Linked Bodies: All three bodies were to be linked indirectly. The Gram Panchayat members were to be elected through direct election while the upper 2 tier members were to be selected through indirect election ? Decentralization: All the planning and implementation at the local level were to be conducted through these bodies. The Gram Panchayat should be the executive body while the Panchayat Samiti would act as an advisory, co- ordinative and supervisory body. The Zilla Parishad would be chaired by the District Collector ? Devolution of Power: Actual devolution of power should be given to these bodies in order to enable them to implement programmes successfully ? Resource Allocation: Sufficient resources should be allocated to these bodies to enable them to be able to implement projects ? Evolution: The system should be evolved 'farther for more devolution of power

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