|With reference to the Vedanta philosophy, consider the following statements:|
|(i) According to it both Brahma and Atma are eternal and indestructible|
|(ii) The theory of Karma came to be linked to the Vedanta philosophy|
|(iii) Vedanta philosophy did not supported the belief of rebirth or punarjamma|
|Which of the statements given above is/are correct in this context?|
A) 1 and 2 only
B) 2 only
C) 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3
Correct Answer: A
Solution :[a] Vedanta means the end of the Veda. The Brahmasutra of Badarayana compiled in the second century B.C. formed its basic text. Later two famous commentaries were written on it, one by Shankara in the ninth century and the other by Ramanuja m the twelfth century. The Vedanta philosophy is traced to the earlier Upanishads. According to it, brahma is the reality and everything else in unreal (maya). The self (soul) or atma is identical with brahma. Therefore, if a person acquires the knowledge of brahma, and thus attains salvation. Both brahma and atma are eternal and indestructible. Such a view promotes the idea of stability and unchangingness. What is true spiritually could also be true of the social and material situation in which a person is placed. The theory of Karma came to be linked to the Vedanta philosophy. It means that in his present birth a person has to bear the consequences of his actions performed in his previous birth. Belief in rebirth or punarjanma becomes an important element not only in the Vedanta system but also in several other systems of Hindu philosophy. It implies that people suffer not because of social or worldly pauses but because of causes which they neither known nor can bring under control.
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