SSC Economics Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-4

  • question_answer
    Which of the following Five Year Plan (FYP) gave emphasis to agriculture sector?
    1. 1st FYP         
    2. 2nd FYP
    3. 3rd FYP         
    4. 4th FYP
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    A)  1 and 2 only    

    B)  2 and 3 only

    C)  1, 3 and 4 only

    D)  1, 2, 3 and 4

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    [c] Agriculture was given the topmost priority in the First Five-Year Plan. In the second plan, emphasis was shifted from agriculture to industry and only about 21 percent of the actual plan expenditure was spent for agricultural development. The objective of the Third Five-Year Plan was to achieve self-sufficiency in food grains and to increase the agricultural production to meet the needs of industry and export- The plan accorded higher priority (20.5 percent) to agriculture and irrigation than to industrial development (20.1 percent). The Fourth Plan had two objectives in the agricultural sector; (i) to provide the conditions necessary for a sustained increase of food production by about 5 percent per annum over the decade 1969-78 and (ii) to enable a large section of the rural population including small farmers, farmers in the dry areas and agricultural labourers to participate in the process of agricultural development and share its benefit.

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