|Consider the following statements regarding the revenue administration under Maratha ruler Shivaji:|
|(I) During his rule the assessment of land revenue was based on measurement and for this the Kathi of Ambar was adopted as the measuring rod.|
|(II) Shivaji decreased the land revenue from 40% to 33%.|
|(III) Sardesmukhi was paid to the Marthas so as not to be subjected to Maratha raids.|
A) Only I is correct
B) I and II are correct
C) Only III is correct
D) all are incorrect
Correct Answer: A
Solution :[a] Shivaji increased the land revenue from 33% to 40%. Sardesmukhi was an additional levy of 10% on those lands of Maharashtra over which the Marathas claimed hereditary rights, but which formed part of the Mughal Empire. Chauth was one fourth of the land revenue paid to the Marathas so as not to be subjected to Maratha raids.
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