A) It alters the genetic makeup of an organism using techniques that remove heritable material or that introduce DNA prepared outside the organism
B) It includes traditional animal and plant breeding, in vitro fertilisation, induction of polyploidy, mutagenesis and cell fusion techniques
C) It can also be used to remove genetic material from the target organism, creating a gene knockout organism
D) Within the scientific community, the term genetic engineering is not commonly used; more specific terms such as transgenic are preferred
Correct Answer: B
Solution :[b] Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genome using biotechnology. It is a set of technologies used to change the genetic makeup of cells, including the transfer of genes within and across species boundaries to produce improved or novel organisms.
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