|Consider the following tasks:|
|1. Superintendence, direction and conduct of free and fair elections|
|2. Preparation of electoral rolls for all elections to the Parliament, State Legislatures and the Office of the President and the Vice-President|
|3. Giving recognition to political parties and allotting election symbols to political parties and individuals contesting the election|
|4. Proclamation of final verdict in the case of election disputes. Which of the above are the functions of the Election Commission of India?|
A) 1, 2 and 3
B) 2, 3 and 4
C) 1 and 3
D) 1, 2 and 4
Correct Answer: A
Solution :[a] Any elector or candidate can file an election petition if he or she thinks there has been malpractice during the election. An election petition is not an ordinary civil suit, but treated as a contest in which the whole constituency is involved. Election petitions are tried by the High Court of the State involved, and if upheld can even lead to the restaging of the election in that constituency.
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