|Consider the following statements with reference to the extremists and moderates within the Congress during the years 1905-07;|
|1. The extremists wanted to extend the Swadeshi and Boycott movement from Bengal to the rest of the country.|
|2. The moderates wanted to gradually extend the boycott from foreign goods to every form of association or cooperation with the government. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?|
A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) neither 1 nor 2
Correct Answer: A
Solution :[a] The Extremists wanted to extend the Boycott and Swadeshi Movement to regions outside Bengal and also to include all forms of associations (such as government service, law courts, legislative councils, etc.) within the boycott programme and thus start a nationwide mass movement. The Extremists wanted a strong resolution supporting their programme at the Benaras session. The Moderates, on the other hand, were not in favour of extending the movement beyond Bengal and were totally opposed to boycott of councils and similar associations. They advocated strictly constitutional methods to protest against the partition of Bengal. As a compromise, a relatively mild resolution condemning the partition of Bengal and the reactionary policies of Curzon and supporting the swadeshi and boycott programme in Bengal was passed.
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