SSC History Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-6

  • question_answer
    The number of Upanishads is about 200. Which among the following Upanishads is/are the oldest?

    A)  Isa Upanishad

    B)  Chanodgya Upanishad

    C)  Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

    D)  Both [b] and [c]

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    [d] Although there are over 200 surviving Upanishads, only 14 are considered to be the most important. The names of these Upanishads are: Isa, Kena, Katha, Prasna, Mundaka, Mandukya, Taittiriya, Aitareya, Chandogya, Brhadaranyaka, Svetasvatara, Kausitaki, Mahanarayana and the Maitri. Historically, the most important of the Upanishads are the two oldest, the Brihadaranyaka (c. 10th-5th century BCE) and the Chandogya (pertaining to the Chandogas, priests who intone hymns at Sacrifices), both of which are compilations that record the traditions of sages (rishis) of the period?notably Yajnavalkya, who was a pioneer of new religious ideas. These texts provide the basic source for many important topics of Indian philosophy and all major philosophical themes are covered in their pages. In general they remain neutral among competing interpretations and they attempt to integrate most of the opposing views regarding philosophical and spiritual matters.

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