|Study the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below:|
|Culture can play a huge role in the shaping of an individual's identity and behavior, this can happen through a theory known as the 'tool kit theory'. The tool kit theory as introduced by Swidler, is a combination of the internal and external elements of culture. An individual seeks out activities that cater to their cultural competences in order to be successful. These competences may be a big part of someone's identity. For example, if an individual considered being a student as a main factor of their identity and they were intellectually developed, using this competence they could have a higher chance of succeeding academically. In addition to this, culture can modify behavior as culture dictates the expectations that have to be met to ensure acceptance into a social group. Individuals will modify their behavior to fit others as this will provide a sense of belonging and protection. But sometimes, this creates moderate level of anxiety in the minds of individuals and further prolonged anxious state creates social abnormal behaviors.|
A) Modified cultural behavior creates competency
B) Successfully catered cultural competencies
C) Social anxiety that required sense of belonging
D) Dictation of cultural expectations in a society
Correct Answer: B
Solution :Rationale: (b) Reasoning type: Abduction reasoning Rationale\[\to \]the process of creating explanatory hypotheses Focus of the question: Assumption\[\to \]find the possible main reason for the identity Relationship analogy: Group analogy\[\to \]Where several objects together make a group The question focuses on the positive assumption about the identity accumulated by the individuals. An individual seeks out activities that cater to their cultural competences in order to be successful. These competences may be a big part of someones identity.
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