|Study the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below:|
|Culture can play a huge role in the shaping of an individual's identity and behavior, this can happen through a theory known as the 'tool kit theory'. The tool kit theory as introduced by Swidler, is a combination of the internal and external elements of culture. An individual seeks out activities that cater to their cultural competences in order to be successful. These competences may be a big part of someone's identity. For example, if an individual considered being a student as a main factor of their identity and they were intellectually developed, using this competence they could have a higher chance of succeeding academically. In addition to this, culture can modify behavior as culture dictates the expectations that have to be met to ensure acceptance into a social group. Individuals will modify their behavior to fit others as this will provide a sense of belonging and protection. But sometimes, this creates moderate level of anxiety in the minds of individuals and further prolonged anxious state creates social abnormal behaviors.|
A) It postulates the formation of identity
B) Internal factors of cultural identity
C) External competency of identity
D) Combination of elements of culture
Correct Answer: D
Solution :Rationale: (d) Reasoning type: Criteria reasoning\[\to \]comparing against established criteria Focus of the question: Inference\[\to \]find the reason behind an idea Relationship analogy: Object and Function Analogy\[\to \]where one factor is object and another one is the related function The question focuses on the inference about the idea behind the tool kit theory. The theory conveys a combination of the internal and external elements of culture in the cultural competencies.
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