• # question_answer Study the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below: Culture can play a huge role in the shaping of an individual's identity and behavior, this can happen through a theory known as the 'tool kit theory'. The tool kit theory as introduced by Swidler, is a combination of the internal and external elements of culture. An individual seeks out activities that cater to their cultural competences in order to be successful. These competences may be a big part of someone's identity. For example, if an individual considered being a student as a main factor of their identity and they were intellectually developed, using this competence they could have a higher chance of succeeding academically. In addition to this, culture can modify behavior as culture dictates the expectations that have to be met to ensure acceptance into a social group. Individuals will modify their behavior to fit others as this will provide a sense of belonging and protection. But sometimes, this creates moderate level of anxiety in the minds of individuals and further prolonged anxious state creates social abnormal behaviors. What is the assumption behind higher chance of succeeding academically as in the passage? A) Main factor of students identity in culture B) Main factor of students behavior acceptance C) Main factor of students belonging acceptance D) Main factor of students protection identity

Rationale: (a) Reasoning type: Deductive Reasoning$\to$starting from the general rule and moving to specifics Focus of the question: Assumption$\to$find the assumption behind students are doing good in academics according to the passage Relationship analogy: Degrees of a Characteristic Analogy$\to$This analogy, mostly comprises the adjectives, but not for all cases The question focuses on the assumption about the chances of achievements in academics as given in the example of the passage. An individual seeks out activities that cater to their cultural competences in order to be successful. These competences may be a big part of someones identity. Thats why the students try to find the identity to do good in academics.