• # question_answer Direction: Study the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below: Equity and openness in education are concepts many teachers strive to achieve in their own classrooms. The thought of an equitable education is one that many would assume is embedded into the foundation of the school system. This assertion believes that an education will "level the playing field" for students that come from a variety of socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds. However, many schools sort students based on economic or racial status or the ability level of the student. This sorting process is highly influential in the students lives after education. Thus, higher achieving students will have access to higher education and well-paying jobs, and lower achieving students will not have this same access. It is firmly believed that education should open doors in their future for any student regardless of race, class, culture or disability. Therefore, it is the academic and ethical duty of the teachers to provide an open and fair education for all students to truly make the school system equitable. What is the notion created by sorting process? A) Different socioeconomic background will yield different educational outcomes B) Higher achieving students will access greater educational benefits C) Lower socioeconomic students will achieve lower educational benefits D) Racial background fetches greater access to the educational advantages

Rationale: (b) Reasoning type: Inductive Reasoning$\to$starting from specifics and deriving a general rule Focus of the question: Assumption$\to$finding the hidden truth behind the statements Relationship analogy: Object and Group Analogy$\to$where several objects together make a group is known as Object and Group Analogy The notion is clearly depicted in the following sentence a Sorting process is highly influential in the students lives after education. Thus, higher achieving students will have access to higher education and well-paying jobs, and lower achieving students will not have this same access.