• # question_answer Study the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below: Equity and openness in education are concepts many teachers strive to achieve in their own classrooms. The thought of an equitable education is one that many would assume is embedded into the foundation of the school system. This assertion believes that an education will "level the playing field" for students that come from a variety of socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds. However, many schools sort students based on economic or racial status or the ability level of the student. This sorting process is highly influential in the students lives after education. Thus, higher achieving students will have access to higher education and well-paying jobs, and lower achieving students will not have this same access. It is firmly believed that education should open doors in their future for any student regardless of race, class, culture or disability. Therefore, it is the academic and ethical duty of the teachers to provide an open and fair education for all students to truly make the school system equitable. What is the assertion about education given in the passage? A) Education levels the students from diverse community for equitable future B) Education is available to the students according to their diversifications C) Education produces ethics for teachers to treat students equal D) Education provides sense of sorting that makes students underperformed

Rationale: (a) Reasoning type: Effects-to-Cause Reasoning$\to$starting from the effect and working backward Focus of the question: Argument$\to$argue for the positive impact of the education Relationship analogy: Effort and Result Analogies$\to$is the fact that for the effort and result connection an actual effort has to be made The question focuses on the positive impact or advantage of the education on diversified students who are from different culture, race and social backgrounds. The same fact gas been mentioned in the passage as - an education will level the playing field for students that come from a variety of socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds.