• question_answer Study the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below: Leadership is one of the critical elements in every organizational setup. However, Leadership and management are two different terms which are often assumed to mean the same thing, but they are different. Managing cannot be equated to leading. Managing involves dealing with complexity while leading involves dealing with change. Leadership involves setting direction and coming up with strategic plans on how to bring about positive change and growth in the organization while management involves coming up with steps to be followed and setting time limits for certain activities to be accomplished. Leaders portray a passionate attitude towards achieving the organization's vision and the set goals while managers may have an impersonal attitude towards the set goals and visions. Leading a team will be affected positively by a leader other than a manager. This is because a leader is compelled by emotions and ensures the growth of the subordinates by motivating them to overcome challenges. What is the conclusion about a leader and a manager? A) All managers can be the good leaders B) All leaders may not the good managers C) All leaders can be the good managers D) All managers may not be the good leaders

Correct Answer: C

Solution :

Rationale: (c) Reasoning type: Inductive Reasoning$\to$Inductive reasoning is a method of reasoning in which the premises are viewed as supplying some evidence for the truth of the conclusion Focus of the question: Conclusion$\to$find the focal point of the passage Relationship analogy: Performer and action Analogy$\to$straightforward analogy type which is based on taking two sets of performers and their corresponding actions The question focuses on the conclusion of the passage separately on leadership and management. The conclusion has been arrived from the respective qualities of the leaders and managers. A leader is more inclusive by innate nature, whereas a manager is an exclusive by position.

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