JCECE Medical JCECE Medical Solved Paper-2008

  • question_answer A symmetric double convex lens is cut in two equal parts by a plane perpendicular to the principal axis. If the power of the original lens is 4D, the power of a cut lens will be

    A)  2D             

    B)  3D

    C)  4D             

    D)  5D

    Correct Answer: A

    Solution :

     Biconvex lens is cut perpendicularly to the principal axis, it will become a plano-convex lens.                      Focal length of biconvex lens            \[\frac{1}{f}=(n-1)\left( \frac{1}{{{R}_{1}}}-\frac{1}{{{R}_{2}}} \right)\] \[\frac{1}{f}=(n-1)\frac{2}{R}\] \[(\because \,{{R}_{1}}=R,{{R}_{2}}=-R)\] \[\Rightarrow \] \[f=\frac{R}{2(n-1)}\] For plano-convex lens \[\frac{1}{{{f}_{1}}}=(n-1)\left( \frac{1}{R}-\frac{1}{\infty } \right)\] \[{{f}_{1}}=\frac{R}{(n-1)}\] ?(ii) Comparing Eqs. (i) and (ii), we see that focal length becomes double. As power of lens \[P\propto \frac{\text{1}}{\text{focal}\,\text{length}}\] Hence, power will become half. New power \[=\frac{4}{2}=2\,D\]

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