UPSC General Studies Solved Paper - General Studies-2016

  • question_answer
    Regarding the taxation system of Krishna Deva, the ruler of Vijayanagar, consider the following statements
    1. The tax rate on land was fixed depending on the quality of the land.
    2. Private owners of workshops paid an industries tax.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    A)  Only 1             

    B)  Only 2

    C)  Both land 2      

    D)  Neither1nor 2

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    Exp. [c] Land revenue was the chief source of income. Land was divided into four categories for purposes of assessment, wet land, dry land, orchards and woods. Usually the share was one-sixth of the produce. Land revenue could be paid in cash or kind. The rates varied according to the type of the crops, soil, method of irrigation etc. Besides land tax, many professional taxes were also imposed. They were on shopkeepers, farm servants, workmen etc. Private owners of workshops paid an industries tax. Commercial taxes consisted of levies, duties and customs on manufactured articles of trade were also levied.

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