12th Class Geography Solved Paper - Geography 2015 Delhi Set-I

  • question_answer Explain any three factors responsible for the location of rural settlements in the world.

    Answer:

    The following any 3 factors are responsible for the location of rural settlement in the world:
    (1) Water supply: Usually rural settlements are located near water bodies such as rivers, lakes, ponds and springs where water can be easily obtained. Most water-based wet point settlements have many advantages such as water for drinking, cooking and washing. Rivers and lakes can be used for irrigation. Water bodies also have fish. Navigable rivers and lakes can be used for transportation.
    (2) Defence: During the times of political instability, war, hostility of heighbouring groups villages were built on defensive hills and islands. In India most of the forts are located on higher grounds or hills.
    (3) Planned settlements: Sites that are not spontaneously chosen by villagers themselves. Planned settlements are constructed by government by providing shelter, water and other infrastructures on acquired land.


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