12th Class History Solved Paper - History 2012 Outside Delhi Set-I

  • question_answer Explain how Kharosthi was deciphered.


    Most of the Prakrit inscriptions were written in the Brahmi script. However some, in the northwest, were written in Kharosthi.
                The deciphering of Kharosthi script was facilitated by find of coins of Indo-Greek kings who ruled over the area during 2nd to 1st BC. These coins contain the names of kings written in Greek and Kharoshti scripts.
                European scholars who could read Greek script compared the letters of Greek and Kharosthi.
                For example, the symbol for "a" could be found in both scripts for writing names such as Apollodotus. Thus comparison with the Greek script helped in deciphering of Kharosthi.
                In 1830s James Prinsep identified the language of the Kharosthi inscriptions as Prakrit and thus it became possible to read longer inscriptions also.

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