10th Class Mathematics Solved Paper - Mathematics-2016 Delhi Term-II Set-II

  • question_answer 3)
    Two different dice are thrown together. Find the probability of:
    (i) getting a number greater than 3 on each die
    (ii) getting a total of 6 or 7 of the numbers on two dice

    Answer:

    Total outcomes = {(1, 1), (1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (1, 5), (1, 6)
    (2, 1), (2, 2), (2, 3), (2, 4), (2, 5), (2, 6)
    (3, 1), (3, 2), (3, 3), (3, 4), (3, 5), (3, 6)
    (4, 1), (4, 2), (4, 3), (4, 4), (4, 5), (4, 6)
    (5, 1), (5, 2), (5, 3), (5, 4), (5, 5), (5, 6)
    (6, 1), (6, 2), (6, 3) (6, 4), (6, 5), (6, 6)}
    \[\Rightarrow \] Total no. of outcomes \[=36\]
    (i) Let \[{{E}_{1}}\] be the event of getting a number greater than 3 on each die.
    Favourable outcomes = {(4, 4), (4, 5), (4, 6), (5, 4), (5, 5), (5, 6), (6, 4), (6, 5), (6, 6)}
    No. of favourable outcomes \[=9\]
    \[\therefore P({{E}_{1}})=\frac{9}{96}=\frac{1}{4}\]
    (ii) Let \[{{E}_{2}}\] be the event of getting a total of 6 or 7 of the numbers on two dice.
    Favourable outcomes = {(1, 5), (2, 4), (3, 3), (4, 2), (5, 1), (1, 6), (2, 5), (3, 4), (4, 3), (5, 2), (6, 1)}
    \[\Rightarrow \] No. of favourable outcomes \[=11\]
    \[\therefore P({{E}_{2}})=\frac{11}{36}\]


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