12th Class Political Science Solved Paper - Political Science-2018 Outside Delhi

  • question_answer
    Read the passage given below carefully and answer the following questions:
    The 'Cuban Missile Crisis' was a high point of what came to be known as the Cold War. The Cold War referred to the competitions, the tensions and a series of confrontations between the United States of America and the Soviet Union, backed by their respective allies. Fortunately, however, it never escalated into a 'hot war.
    (a) Explain the meaning of 'hot war'.
    (b) Why was the 'Cuban Missile Crisis' considered as the high point of the Cold War?
    (c) 'Ideological conflict was also a cause of the Cold War.' How far do you agree with the statement?
     

    Answer:

    (a) Hot war was referred to direct attack by missile and bombs on other countries.
    (b) Three weeks after the Soviet Union had placed the nuclear weapons in Cuba, the Americans became aware of it. The U.S. President, John F. Kennedy, and his advisers were reluctant to do anything that might lead to full-scale nuclear war between the two countries, but they were determined to get Khrushchev to remove the missiles and nuclear weapons from Cuba.
              Kennedy ordered American warships the intercept any Soviet ships heading to Cuba as a way of warming the USSR of his seriousness. A clash seemed imminent in what came to be known as the Cuban missile crisis. It did not break out in a hot war but is often considered as a high point in the cold war.
    (c) In April 1961, the leaders of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republis (USSR) were worried that the United States of America. Would invade communist-ruled Cuba and over through fidel castro, the president of the small island nation off the coast of the United States.
               Cuba was an ally of the Soviet Union and received both diplomatic and financial aid from it Nikita Khrushchev, the leader or he Soviet Union, decided to convert Cuba into a Russian base as geographically Cuba is located within a short distance from U.S.A. In 1962, he placed nuclear missiles in Cuba. The installation of these weapons put the US, for the first times, under fire from close range and nearly doubled the number of bases or cities in the American mainland which could be threatened by the USSR.


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