10th Class Science Solved Paper - Science-2015 Outside Delhi Set-III

  • question_answer An object of height 5 cm is placed perpendicular to the principal axis of a concave lens of focal length 10 cm. If the distance of the object from the optical centre of the lens is 20 cm, determine the position, nature and size of the image formed using the lens formula.


    Given: \[{{h}_{1}}=+5\text{ }cm,f=-10\text{ }cm,u=-\text{ }20\text{ }cm\]
    we know that,
                            \[\frac{1}{f}=\frac{1}{\upsilon }-\frac{1}{u}\]
                Or         \[\frac{1}{\upsilon }=\frac{1}{f}+\frac{1}{u}=\frac{1}{-10}-\frac{1}{20}=\frac{-3}{20}\]
                Image distance, \[\upsilon =-\frac{20}{3}cm\]
                The nature of the image is virtual and erect.
                Now, magnification, \[m=\frac{{{h}_{2}}}{{{h}_{1}}}=\frac{\upsilon }{u}\]
                \[\Rightarrow \]   \[{{h}_{2}}=\frac{\upsilon }{u}\times {{h}_{1}}=\frac{-20}{3}\times \frac{1}{-20}\times  5=\frac{+5}{3}cm\]
                \[\therefore \]      The size of the image is 1.67 cm.


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