3rd Class Computers Growth of Modern Computer The Fifth Generation Computers                

The Fifth Generation Computers                

Category : 3rd Class

*       The Fifth Generation Computers

 

 

You must have seen robots on the TV or in movies and marveled at how similar they are to human beings in spite of being a machine. This technique which allows a machine to think and decide on its own, just like human beings will be the main feature of the 5th generation computers.     The 5th generation computers are those computers that are used in a satellite. The computers of the next generation will have millions of transistors on one chip and will perform over a billion calculations in a single second. There is no end in sight for the computer movement. Even today, man is working hard to bring out the 5th generation of computers. These computers will have the capability of thinking on their own like a man and can work on their own without the user with the help of AI (Artificial Intelligence). These computers use different types of complex circuits and many microprocessors. The 21st century will see better, faster, smaller and smarter computers. The 5th generation computers will be used in robotics, defense, etc. They will be more reliable and intelligent machines. 5th generation computers are characterized by highly complex computers where programming skills is not necessary for the user. Technology of the 5th generation computers has already come to use in a few areas of the world

 

 

 

 

*       Comparison Table of the Different Generations of the Computer:  

 

1ST  Generation

2nd  Generation

3rd  Generation

4th  Generation

5th  Generation

Component Used

Vacuum

Tubes

Transistors

Integrated Circuits

Micro Processor

Artificial Intelligence

 

Examples

ENIAC,

UNIVAC -1

ATLAS,

IBM-700

IBM360/370

NCR395

Pentium, Power PC

Used in Satellites

     

 

Question.jpg    

 

 Fill in the blanks:

1. The _______ computers are those computers that are used in a satellite.

2. 5th Generation computers are capable of thinking and working on their own like____ with the help of_______

3. These computers use millions and millions of transistors on one _________

(A) 4th generation, Human, Artificial Intelligence and Board

(B) 5th generation, Man, Artificial Intelligence and Chip

(C) 5th generation, Man, Automatic Intelligence and Chip

(D) 4th generation, Animal, Artificial Intelligence and Chip

(E) 5th generation. Human, Activated Intelligence and Board.  

 

Answer: (D)

Explanation

Correct Option:

(B) Option (B) is correctly arrange. Therefore, it is a Correct Option.

Incorrect Options:

(A) The option given is incorrect. Therefore, option (A) is incorrect.

(C) The option given is incorrect. Therefore, option (C) is incorrect.

(D) The option given is incorrect. Therefore, option (D) is incorrect.

(E) The option given is incorrect. Therefore, option (E) is incorrect.  

 

 

You Know.jpg

  • ENIAC was the first computer.
  • Some of the first generation computers were as big as the size of a room.  

 

 

Important.jpg 

  • Vacuum Tubes: A device used to amplify, switch, modify or create an electrical signal by controlling the movement of electrons in a low-pressure space.
  • Transistor: A semiconductor device used to amplify and switch electronic signals.
  • Integrated Circuit: An electronic circuit consisting mainly of semiconductor devices, as well as passive components.
  • Microprocessor: A single chip that can do all the processing of the computer.
  • Artificial intelligence: The technique which allows a machine to think and decide on its own, just like human beings.      

 

 

Summary.jpg 

 

  • The history of computers and the development of technology deal with constant drive to make computers faster, cheaper and store more data. Development in the field of computers is an ongoing process which has no end.
  • Resources on Net: http://www.wikipedia.org
  • Related Topics History and Generations of Computers - Chapter 1  

 

 

*               Abbreviations

IC                            -                              Integrated Circuit

AI                            -                              Artificial Intelligence

PC                           -                              Personal Computer

LSI                          -                              Large Scale Integration

VLSI                       -                              Very Large Scale integration

RAID                      -                              Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks

EDVAC                  -                              Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer

UNIVAC                -                              Universal Automatic Computer

LSIC                      -                              Large Scale integrated Circuits  

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