7th Class Social Science New Kings and Kingdoms

  • question_answer 6)
     What did the new dynasties do to gain acceptance?  


    By the seventh century there were big landlords or warrior chiefs in different regions of the sub-continent. Existing kings often acknowledged them as their subordinates or samantas. They were expected to bring gifts for their kings or overlords, be present at their courts and provide them with military support. As samantas gained power and wealth, they declared themselves to be maha-samanta, maha-mandaleshvara and so on. Sometimes they asserted their independence from their overlords. One such instance was that of the Rashtrakutas in the Deccan. In the mid-eighth century, Dantidurga, a Rashtrakuta chief overthrew his Chalukya overlords and performed a ritual called hiranya-garbha, which literary meant the golden womb. In other cases, men from enterprising families used their military skills to came out kingdoms. For instance, the Kadamba Mayurashraman and the Gurjar-Pratihara Harichandra were Brahmanas who gave up their traditional professions and took to arms, successfully establishing kingdoms in Kamataka and Rajasthan respectively.  

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