question_answer2) What happened to the women and children? Cow keeping, collection of firewood, gleaning, gathering of fruits and berries from the common lands was earlier mostly done by women and children. Can you suggest how enclosures must have affected the lives of women and children? Can you imagine how the disappearance of common lands might have changed the relationship between men, women and children within the family?View Answer play_arrow
|Source C One peasant who lost his rights to common land after the enclosures wrote to the local lord: 'Should a poor man take one of your sheep from the common, his life would be forfeited by law. But should You take the common from a hundred poor men's sheep, the law gives no redress. The poor man is liable to be hung for taking from You what would not supply you with a meal; and You would do nothing illegal by depriving him of his subsistence;...What should be the inference of the poor...when the laws are not accessible to the injured poor and the government gives them no redress? Source: JM Neeson, Commoners: Common Rights, Enclosures and Social Change, 1700-1820 (1993).|
|Source D In contrast many writers emphasized the advantages of enclosures. ‘There can be no question of the superior profit to the farmer of enclosures rather than open fields. In one case he is in chains; he can make no changes in soil or prices, he is like a horse in team, he must jog along with the rest.’ John Middleton, an 18th century writer.|
question_answer5) Imagine that you were asked by the Emperor of China to prepare a leaflet for young people about the harmful effects of opium. Find out about the effect of opium on the human body.Design your leaflet and give it an eyecatching title.View Answer play_arrow
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question_answer8) Explain briefly what the open field system meant to rural people in the 18th century England? Look at the system from the point of view of (a) a rich farmer (b) a labourer (c) a peasant womanView Answer play_arrow
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