Mitigation means to reduce the impact of disasters. Mitigation is of two types, structural mitigation and non-structural mitigation. (i) Structural Mitigation Structural mitigation involves activities like Construction of river embankments Strengthening existing buildings, etc. (ii) Non-Structural Mitigation Non-structural mitigation involves activities like •Training in disaster management •Regulating land use •Public Education, etc.
|Hazard||Structural Mitigation Efforts||Non Structural Mitigation Efforts|
|1. Flood||Watershed management construction of reservoirs||(a)Mapping of flood plains (b)Land use control|
|2. Earthquake||Engineered structures Enforcing building codes||(a) Training in drop, cover and hold activity. (b) Public awareness|
|3. Cyclone||(a) Multipurpose cyclone shelters (b) Engineered structures||(a) Hazard mapping (b) Land use control|
|4. Landslide||(a) Drainage corrections (b) Engineered structures||(a) Hazard mapping (b) Awareness generation|
|5. Drought||(a) Revival traditional water harvesting structures (b) Construction of water harvesting structures.||(a) Land use planning (b) Drought awareness programmes|
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