Plants Our Friend
Category : 3rd Class
Plants: Our Friend
Plants are one of the most important living things that have made the life possible on this planet. They are the only source of life giving oxygen. Plants breathe in harmful carbon dioxide gas and breathe out oxygen. Thus, they not only give us oxygen but also absorb harmful carbon dioxide. They are very helpful to us.
Characteristics of Plants
The plants have got some special characteristics which make them different from other living beings. The characteristics of plants are given below:
Plants Make their Own Food (Autotrophs)
Green plants are autotrophs. They make their own food in the presence of carbon dioxide, water and sunlight. Green plants have a pigment called chlorophyll that helps diem to make food.
Plant Making Food
Plants have Roots and Shoots
A plant can be divided into two parts, that is, root and shoot. Root grows under the ground and shoot grows above the ground. It is the shoot that contains stem, branches, leaves, fruits, etc.
Many Plants bear Fruits
Many plants bear fruits that are very nutritious and delicious. For example, mango tree, apple tree, etc.
Plants reproduce to continue their existence. They reproduce with the help of seeds, stems and roots.
Reproduction through seeds Reproduction through roots
Plants Grow throughout their Life Cycle
Most of the plants grow throughout their life cycle. They attain maximum height.
Few Plants have Thorns
Few plants bear thorns. For example, rose, cactus, etc.
Leaves of a Plant
Leaves of plants are very important. Plants make food in the leaves. Therefore, leaf is called the kitchen of the plant. Plants get energy from this food.
There is a small opening in the leaf. It is called stomata. Plants breathe through this opening.
Plant's leaves can be of different shapes. For example, leaves can be round, long or triangular.
Long leaves Round leaves Triangular leaves
(Mango) (Lotus) (Peepal)
Leaves of many plants are used to cure diseases. For example, neem's leaves cure skin problem.
Neem tree leaves
Classification of Plants
Plants are classified into three types:
Plants having tall and hard trunks are called trees. Trees have thick and woody branches. For example, mango tree, Banyan tree, etc.
Mango tree Banyan tree
Plants having weak and soft stem are called herbs. For example, tulsi, mint, etc.
Shrubs are taller than herbs and have multiple woody stems. For example, rose plant, sunflower, etc.
Rose Plant Hibiscus Plant
Plants are Useful to us
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