# 9th Class Mental Ability Analogy Analogy and Classification

Analogy and Classification

Category : 9th Class

ANALOGY AND CLASSIFICATION

In 'Analogy' or 'Classification', we solve 'similarity' based problems.

Type-I (Similar Relationship)

In this type of problems, two pairs of figures are given out of which one figure is missing. Each pair has a certain relationship. A student is required to choose a figure from the given alternatives that can place the missing figure in order to maintain the same relationship.

EXAMPLE

1.         Pair of figures on left side of :: have a relationship between them.

In order to establish the same relationship in the pair of figures on right side of :: choose an appropriate figure to replace the mark"?".

(a)                (b)                (c)                 (d)

Explanation (a):

The inner and outer designs interchange their positions.

Also, the new inner design becomes shaded and inverted.

Type-II (Odd One Out)

In this type of problems, we are given a set of four figures which all except one are alike in some manner. We have to select the one that is different.

2.         Find the odd one out.

Explanation (c):

All other designs can appear by rotation.

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