10th Class Science Metals and Non-metals Question Bank 10th CBSE Science Metals and Non-metals

  • question_answer                                 What is meant by refining of metals? Describe the electrolytic refining of copper with a neat labelled diagram. [CBSE Delhi 2009]

    Answer:

                        In electrolytic refining process, the impure metal is made as anode and a thin strip of pure c metal is made as cathode. A solution of the metal salt is made as an electrolyte. On passing the current through the electrolyte, the pure metal from the anode dissolves into the electrolyte. An equivalent amount of pure metal from the electrolyte is deposited on the cathode. The soluble impurities go into the solution, whereas, the insoluble impurities settle down at the bottom of the anode and are known as anode mud. At anode:       Cu Cu2++ 2e- At cathode:     Cu2+ + 2e- Cu


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