about the National Human Rights Commission and answer the given question.
Do you notice references to the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)
in the news collage on this page?
These references reflect the growing awareness of human
rights and struggles for human dignity.
Many cases of human rights violations in diverse fields,
for instance, Gujarat riots, are being brought to the public notice from across
India. Human rights organisations and the media often criticise government
agencies for not seriously pursuing these cases or catching the culprits.
Someone had to intervene on behalf of the victims. This is where the National
Human Rights Commission stepped in. This is an independent commission set up by
law in 1993. Like judiciary, the Commission is independent of the government.
The Commission is appointed by the President and includes retired judges,
officers and eminent citizens.
Yet it does not have the burden of deciding court cases.
So, it can focus on helping the victims secure their human rights. These
include all the rights granted to the citizens by the Constitution. For NHRC,
human rights also include the rights mentioned in the UN sponsored
international treaties that India has signed.
The NHRC cannot by itself punish the guilty. That is the
responsibility of courts. The NHRC is there to make independent and credible
inquiry into any case of violation of human rights. It also inquires into any
case of abetment of such violation or negligence in controlling it by any
government officer and takes other general steps to promote human rights in the
country. The Commission presents its findings and recommendations to the government
or intervene in the court on behalf of the victims. It has wide ranging powers
to carry out its inquiry.
Like any court, it can summon witnesses, question any
government official, demand any official paper, visit any prison for inspection
or send its own team for on the spot inquiry. Citizen of India can write a
letter to this address to complain against the violation of Human Rights =
National Human Rights Commission, Faridkot
House, Copernicus Marg, New Delhi 110001. There is no fee
or any formal procedure to approach the NHRC.
Like NHRC, there are State Human Rights Commissions in 16
states of the country.
Are the rights only for adults? Which of these rights are
available to children?
Fundamental Rights, are not only for the adults, they are available to all the
citizens of the country without any discrimination. Right against exploitation
is specially devoted to children because it protects the children from
exploitation. These rights prohibit child
No one can employ a child below the age of 14 to work in
any factory or mine or in any other hazardous work such as railways and s ports.
Using this right as a basis, many laws have been made to prohibit children from
working in industries such as beedi making,
fire crackers, matches, printing and dyeing.